DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Halacha is In Memory Of
 David Ben Baba Z"L

Dedicated By
Mikael, Marcel & Maurice Kavian

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
      
(File size: 358 KB)
Asking a Gentile to Write on One’s Behalf on Shabbat

One of the thirty-nine categories of forbidden activity on Shabbat is writing. Rabbi Yishak of Vienna (late 12th-early 13th century), in his work Or Zarua, claimed that the Torah prohibition of writing on Shabbat applies only to writing “Ketab Ashurit,” the Hebrew letters as they are formed in a Torah scroll. In his view, writing in other languages, or in Hebrew but in standard form, as opposed to the form used in the Torah scroll, is forbidden on Shabbat only by force of Rabbinic enactment. A number of other authorities held this view, as well.

This ruling is of great importance with regard to the question of asking a non-Jew to write on one’s behalf on Shabbat. A famous Halachic principle permits asking a gentile to perform forbidden activity on one’s behalf on Shabbat in situations of “Shebut De’shbut Be’makom Hefsed.” This means that the forbidden act in question is prohibited only by force of Rabbinic enactment, as opposed to Torah law, and that the individual will incur a financial loss if that act is not performed. In light of the Or Zarua’s position, Hacham Ovadia Yosef ruled, in his work Yabia Omer, that one may ask a gentile to write something on Shabbat if this is necessary to prevent a financial loss. Hacham Ovadia maintained that we may rely on the Or Zarua’s classification of standard writing as a Rabbinic prohibition to permit asking a gentile to write something to avoid incurring a loss. One possible example of such a case is where a person must urgently receive a certain delivery and has to fill in a form. If he will incur a financial loss by not filling in the form, he may ask a gentile to fill in the form on his behalf on Shabbat.

Summary: Although generally one may not ask a gentile to write or perform other forbidden activity on Shabbat, one may ask a gentile to write something if this is necessary to avoid a financial loss.


See Menuhat Ahava, Helek 3, Perek 22, Halacha 8.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
If Someone Violated the Prohibition of Selecting and Laundering on Shabbat
Is it Permissible to Eat Food Cooked by a Non-Jew on Shabbat to Save a Life?
If One Covered a Pot of Partially Cooked Food on the Blech
Is It Permissible To Cover a Pot of Fully Cooked Foods Containing Bones?
If One Mistakenly Covered a Pot of Uncooked Food on the Blech
Is It Permissible to Place a Cover on a Pot on a Blech on Shabbat?
Is It Permissible to Stir Food on a Blech on Shabbat?
Is It Permissible to Pour Cold Water into a Keli Rishon?
Is It Permissible to Reheat Congealed Foods?
Warming a Baby’s Bottle in Hot Water; Cooking Rice or Kishkeh in a Pot of Hamin (Cholent) on Shabbat
Is It Permissible to Add Hot Water from an Urn into Cold Water on Shabbat?
Is It Permissible to Place Water Next to a Fire on Shabbat?
In the Event One Added Salt to Keli Rishon on the Blech
Is It Permissible To Insert Raw Beef into Keli Rishon?
Is It Permissible to Pour Salt into a Keli Rishon?
Page of 209
3133 Halachot found