DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Halacha is For Refuah Shelemah for
 Dina (Levy) Bat Myriam (Aferiat)
"Please say tehilim for the Refuah Shelemah of Dina Bat Myriam. "

Dedicated By
D

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
      
(File size: 1.06 MB)
(File size:4.28 MB)
Is It Permissible to Open or Use an Already Opened Umbrella on Shabbat or Yom Tob?

The Shulhan Aruch in Siman 315 discusses the prohibition of making an Ohel (tent) on Shabbat. An Ohel is defined as space enclosed by partitions covered by a roof or overhanging to protect that which is underneath it. This protection includes, for example, providing shade from the sun or shelter from the rain. One of the most famous modern applications of this prohibition is opening and using an umbrella on Shabbat.

The Shulhan Aruch rules that a folding chair, known as a “Kiseh Traskal,” may be opened on Shabbat. The Hazon Ish (Rav Abraham Yeshaya Karelitz, 1878-1953) derived from this a general principle that anything that is already built, but is merely folded or collapsed, may be opened on Shabbat, even though it forms an Ohel beneath it. Accordingly, it should follow that the Hazon Ish would permit opening an umbrella, since it is already fully assembled, and there are no pieces being added. Nevertheless, he rules that an umbrella may not be opened since it constitutes “Uvdin D’hol” (mundane activity). The Hatan Sofer also found reasons to be lenient, although his conclusion is to be strict.

The Bet Meir (Rabbi Meir Posner, 1729-1807) went so far as to actually permit opening an umbrella.

The Hida (Rav Haim Yosef David Azulai, 1724-1807) in his Birkeh Yosef (end of 315 in the Shiyureh Beracha) cites a Posek called the Giva’at Pinhas who prohibits opening the umbrella but allows carrying an umbrella that was already open before Yom Tob.

Hacham Ovadia in Yehaveh Da’at and Hazon Ovadia (Vol. 5), as well as most contemporary Poskim, prohibit both opening and using an umbrella on Shabbat. They contend that the case of the umbrella is critically different from the case of the folding chair. The open chair does not serve the space underneath it, whereas the open umbrella is designed to protect the person beneath it.

SUMMARY
It is prohibited to open an umbrella on Shabbat and Yom Tob, as well as to use an already open umbrella.



 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Is A Ladle Considered a Keli Rishon or Keli Sheni
Pouring From an Urn Into a Cup of Cold Liquid on Shabbat
Is It Permissible To Place Liquid Food on a Hotplate on Shabbat Before the Timer Activates the Hotplate
The Proper Way To Extract the Broth From Vegetables in a Vegetable Soup on Shabbat
The Proper Way To Extract Vegetables from Soup on Shabbat; Washing Grapes on Shabbat; Using a Perforated Spoon on Shabbat
Is It Permissible to Make Ice Cubes on Shabbat
Is It Permissible To Prepare Tehina On Shabbat
Understanding the Laws of Muktze- Prohibition of Carrying Items on Shabbat, Such as Pens, Pots, and New Empty Wallets
Stirring Food In A Pot and Serving From A Pot On Shabbat
Cooking On Shabbat on Surfaces Heated by the Sun
Cooking with Sunlight or a Microwave on Shabbat
Is it Permissible to Cook Foods on Surfaces Heated by Fire?
Shabbat – Ensuring That the Countertop is Dry Before Putting Down a Hot Pot
Reheating Solid Food With Some Liquid on Shabbat
Is it Permissible to Eat Soup That Was Reheated on Shabbat?
Page of 204
3048 Halachot found