####
Shabbat Morning Class - Parasha Vayeishev - Hanuka

Rabbi Mansour 09

Shabbat morning class ???? ????-??? ?????

The Rabbi asked the famous question of the Beit Yosef and gave 21 answers! As

we all know the miracle of Hanukah was, that the oil was only enough for one day, but

it miraculously lasted for 8 days. For this reason we celebrate 8 days of Hanukah. The

question is, why are we celebrating 8 days? After all, there was enough oil for one day,

so the first day was not a miracle. The miracle was that it lasted an additional 7 days. So

we should really be celebrating 7 days of Hanukah to commemorate the 7 days that

the Menorah miraculously stayed lit? Why do we celebrate 8 days? The first three

answers are given by the Beit Yosef.

1) They only poured an 1/8 of the normal measure of oil in the Menorah and it

miraculously lasted all night. So even the first night was a miracle.(The question

on this answer is that we know that we are not supposed to rely on miracles, ???

?????? ?? ??? , so why would they initially pour only an 1/8 expecting that to last

all night ? Another question is, that there is a rule ?? ?? ????? - you have to

initially pour the proper measure in the Menorah, so how could they only pour an

1/8 of the required measure?)

2) In the morning, the cup of oil miraculously remained full, so even on the first

night there was a miracle. (The question on this answer is if so, then what was the

miracle on the last night?)

3) After they poured the oil into the Menorah, the container of oil miraculously

remained full with oil, so even on the first night it was a miracle. (The question on

this answer is, if so what was the miracle on the last night?)

4) As they poured a little oil into the menorah it miraculously filled up to the top, so

there was a miracle on every night.

5) On the first night, even though they poured in the full measure, only an 1/8 of oil

burnt and an 1/8 burnt on each subsequent night, so even on the first night there

was a miracle. This explains Beit Shammai (that says you start with 8 candles than

decrease) since the earlier the night, the greater the miracle (because the earlier

the night, the more oil there was that miraculously did not burn).

6) It is forbidden to copy the utensils of the Beit Hamikdash, and the Menorah in the

Beit Hamikdash had 7 lights. So if Hanukah were 7 nights than our Menorah

would look like the Menorah of the Beit Hamikdash, because of this the Rabbis

made it an 8 day holiday.

7) In order for a miracle to take place, we need something for it to start with, for

example there is the story of Elisha Hanavi, when he asked the poor woman what

she had in the house, and she said only a little oil. So Elisha told her to go borrow

all the utensils you can, and from that little oil all the utensils filled up with oil. So

we see she needed a little oil to start the miracle, so to we needed the first

night’s measure of oil in order to start the 7 day miracle. So we celebrate all 8

days, like it says in the song ?????? ?????? ???? ??... -???? ??? - from the leftover

oil we had a miracle, therefore ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? that is why the Rabbis made

it 8 days.

8) The oil had the seal of the Kohen Gadol on it. Why did it have a seal? Since this

oil was actually the oil of the Kohen Gadol’s personal Minhat Havitin that had to

be brought with his own oil, and the measurement of oil he needed to bring was

3 Lugin as opposed to the 3 ½ Lugin needed to light the Menorah. So the jug of

oil they found was actually short a ½ Lug- so even on the first night there was a

miracle that the oil lasted all night.

9) The Greeks tried to stop the Jews from performing Brit Milah, so to

commemorate the victory over the Greeks that enabled the Jews to once again

perform the Brit Milah that is done on the 8th day, we celebrate an 8 day holiday.

10) The Beit Hamikdash was defiled by the Greeks, so the Jews had to purify it and

reinaugurate it. The word Hanukah is from the lashon "Hinuch’ -to inaugurate (like

"Hinuch Habayit). So we celebrate the first day, to commemorate the

reinauguration of the Beit Hamikdash. It was fitting that this was done on the first

day of Hanukah ??' ???? , since the original Mishkan built by Moshe was actually

completed and ready to be inaugurated on ??' ???? , but Hashem told Moshe to

wait until the month of Nissan to do so. So Hashem "compensated" that day by

making it the first day of Hanukah and reinaugurating the Temple on that day.

11) Since the Beit Hamikdash was defiled, they moved the Menorah outside to the

courtyard, as it says ??????? ???? ?????? ???? . So the oil that they found was

enough to last for one night indoors ,not outdoors where there is wind that

causes the oil to burn faster. So even the first night was a miracle.

12) When you empty a jug of oil there is always some residual oil that is left in the

jug. So if the jug contained one night’s measure of oil, when it was emptied in the

Menorah there was still some leftover in the jug. So even the first night was a

miracle, since the full measure of the oil did not get into the Menorah. (Question

on this is, that didn’t the one who filled the jug with the proper measurements

factor the residual into account and put a little extra oil into the jug?)

13) The jug itself magically expanded into a larger size, large enough to hold the

measurements of oil for 8 nights. This explains the Gemara Shabbat that says

about the jug: ?? .???? ?? ?? means in it showing that the miracle happened to

the jug itself. Shaul Dagmy added that ?? is numerically 8 hinting to how much the

jug expanded (enough for 8 days).

14) We celebrate one extra day to commemorate the war that we won. (that’s why

the Ashkenazim say in (??? ??????? -?? ??????

15) The year that the miracle of Hanukah occurred, the month of Kislev was only 29

days, so the miracle was from the 25th of Kislev till the 2nd of Tevet which totals 7

days .Therefore even nowadays, when the month of Kislev is a full 30 days, we

celebrate from the 25th of Kislev till the 2nd of Tevet, even though it is 8 days.

16) They thinned the wicks that it should be a smaller flame and use less oil to make

it last longer, but the flame was still strong as if they hadn’t thinned it. So it was a

miracle on all 8 nights.

17) We take for granted the fact that oil itself is able to light! Even "nature" is a

miracle from Hashem, so we celebrate 8 days in order to recognize that in general,

the fact that oil fuels a flame is a miracle!

18) There is a Machloket between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel, how we are to light

the Menorah. Beit Hillel says we start with one and add a candle each night till we

have 8 candles on the eighth night. Beit Shammai says we start with eight and end

up on the last night with one candle. If Hanukah was a 7 day holiday, then on the

fourth night according to both Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel we would light four

candles, and it would not be discernable that the Halacha goes according to Beit

Hillel. So the Rabbis made the holiday 8 days so that there would not be a night

that we would light an equal amount of candles according to both opinions. The

word ????? stands for ?' ????? ????? ???? ??? (eight candles and the

Halachah like Beit Hillel!)

19) The Macabeem in battle used a shield that said on it: ???? which stands for ??

????? ????? ?' - the numerical value of ' 250 =?? ????? ????? ? and the numerical

value of 250 =?? . So we light one extra candle to remember this concept that

Hashem fights all our wars ' .?? ????? ????? ?

20) The seal of the Kohen Gadol was the letter " ?". Why? Since he wore 8 garments

during his service in the Beit Hamikdash. This is why we celebrate 8 nights to

commemorate the miracle that we found sealed oil, sealed with the letter " "?

(which is numerically the number 8). This is also why we light the Menorah in the

doorway which is shaped like the letter " ?". The letter " ?" is comprised of two

letters, ' ? and ' ? (when we put together a ' ? and ' ? it forms the letter ' ?' .(? and ' 13 =?

hinting to the 13 attributes of mercy, and there are 13 words in the Berachah of

?????? ?? ????? , and 13 in the Berachah of ???? ????? , corresponding to the ?'?

13 -???? attributes of mercy.( Mr. Jack Kassin added that the 2 Berachot total 26

words corresponding to the ' ??? of the name of Hashem of . ( ?-?

21) There are 22 letters in the Hebrew Alphabet that correspond to 22 ??????

(kindness). There are 5 letters that are ???? ????? (the letters that words can only

end with). They are ?,?,?,?,? these letters correspond to 5 ????? (strict judgement).

This is seen in the fact that they "constrict" a word- disabling the word to continue

after them. We see this alluded to in the ????? prayer when we repent based on the

letters of the ????? ?????) ?,? ). The letters of ?????-????? are doubled (ex: ?????

????? ????- ????? ????? ) showing the strictness of these letters. The total numerical

value of these letters ????? equal= 280. They are therefore called the 280 .?????

Each one of the 5 ???? ????? letters represents 56 out of the 280 (280 divided by 5

=56). So the number 56 corresponds to ??? (strict judgment), this is why before

doing certain Mitzvot we say the Pasuk: ???? ???? ?' ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????

????? ????? ?????? which has in it 5 " ?? "’s ( 56 =?? ) to sweeten the 5 times 56 contained

in the 280 . ?????

In order to sweeten the 56 we "need" 57. The numerical value of the names of

Hashem of ...' 57 = ?? ? , so they sweeten the ????? of 56. That’s why it says in

Tehilim ?-? ?' ???? ??? that ' 57 ) ?? ? ) "lights up" ??? -the 56. The Greeks attacked us

using 100 out of the 280 ????? . This is alluded to in the story of Yaakov’s fight

against the angel of Eisav. The angel hit Yaakov in his ?? - his thigh, the word ?? is

numerically 100, hinting that the ??? will "hit" the Jews with 100 ????? in the times

of the ????? . The miracle of Hanukah was done with a ?? ??? (a jug of oil). The word

?? has the same letters as ?? and equals 100, hinting to the sweetening of the 100

????? of the Greeks. This is also alluded to in the last letter of the ,???? ??????

since there are 613 Mitzvot from the Torah and 7 from the Rabbis totaling 620.

There are 620 letters in the ???? ?????? , each letter corresponding to another

Mitzvah.(an example of this is the first Mitzvah in the Torah which is ??? ???? - to

have children. The 552nd Mitzvah is to get married- ??????? the first letter in the

???? ?????? is the ' ? of the word ???? ,and the 552nd letter is the ' ? from the word

?? . This hints that in order to have a fruitful and successful marriage the couple

has to have the attitude of ???? ?? , there is no "I" in the marriage. No one can be

selfish, a couple must always be considering the needs of their spouse.) The last

Mitzvah is the Mitzvah of Hanukah, which is the final Mitzvah from ???? . So the last

letter of ???? ?????? is the letter ' ?, alluding to the 100 ????? we overcome on

Hanukah. (The letter ' ? spelled out is: ?? which equals 100) So the extra day of

Hanukah is celebrated to commemorate the overcoming of the 100 ????? , with

which the ????? attacked us with.

The Rabbi later added that in the Beit Hamikdash the Menorah that was lit daily

had seven lamps. So on the eight nights of Hanukah they lit a total of 56 lights

(7candles per day for 8 days total 56) to nullify the .???

We also see in Tehilim perek 23 ????? ???? ?' ???? has 57 words to "sweeten" the

.???