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Shabbat Morning Class - Parasha Vayechi

Rabbi Mansour 09
Shabbat morning class

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"????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????"
"Then Yaakov called for his sons and said gather yourselves and I will tell you what will befall you in the end of days"

When people gather to hear the words of Torah, it infuses spiritual warmth into their hearts. In today’s times, our hearts are "cold" as hinted to by Yaakov Avinu when he said "??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????"- "at the end of days we will be ??-cold" like the word ????, and the way to warm up the heart is by gathering together to study Torah, as the Pasuk continues "????? ?????"- "gather and listen". This gathering gives warmth to our hearts. When we gather on Shabbat, it is even more powerful, as is hinted to in Tehilim chapter ??? that says; "??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???"-"how beautiful it is when brothers gather together". The word ??? (literally; dwelling) is also the word ???-Shabbat, showing the best time to gather to listen to the holy words of Torah and to warm up the chill in our hearts is on Shabbat.

Rashi on this Pasuk says "??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?????" "Yaakov wished to reveal the end to them but Hashem departed from him".

Yaakov tried to tell his sons when Mashiach would come, but the spirit of Hashem "left" him, so he was unable to. Since he was unable to, he suspected that perhaps one of his sons had sinned. The brothers exclaimed in unison ??? ????? ?' ????? ?' ??? to show their devotion to Hashem and that none of them had sinned. Yaakov responded ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???.

????? ???? says, that in all the letters of the names of the Shevatim, we will not find a ?' or a ?'- these 2 letters spell the word ?? which is like ???- sin. The fact that these letters were not present in the names of the Shevatim shows that they were free from sin. Since they had no ??-sins, Yaakov tried to tell them about the end of time. However the letters ?' and ?' are also not found in the names of the tribes. These letters form the word?? –the end. This shows that the ??-the end was also not "found in" the Shevatim. Therefore, even though they were free from sin they were not supposed to know the ??-the end of time. On a deeper level, Yaakov in reality was trying to reveal the ??-the end- of the ???? ?????-the Egyptian exile.

Every time a Jew performs a Mitzvah he "brings together" the letters of the name of Hashem, as we say before performing a Mitzvah; ??? ???? - ???? is to connect. This is hinted to in the word ????. The first 2 letters ?? correspond to the letters ?-? in the ?'? ?'? system. (The ?'? ?'? system is when we take the first letter of the Aleph Beit, the ?', and pair it with the last letter, the ?'. The second letter, the ?', with the second to last letter, the ?. The third letter ?', with the third to last letter the ?'- and so on, throughout the Aleph Beit with this system). The ?' corresponds to the ?', and the ?' corresponds to the ?'. ????is ?? (?-?) and ??, showing when we perform a Mitzvah we "bring together" and form the name of Hashem. An ????? however has the opposite effect and ?'? causes a separation in the name of Hashem.

When the brothers sold Yosef they were ???? (affected negatively) one of the names of Hashem by causing this "separation" in Hashem’s name. Yaakov Avinu with his Ruach Hakodesh understood that the name of Hashem affected was the name of ?-?-?-?.There were 9 brothers who sold Yosef (Reuven wasn’t there at the time and Binyamin was a child) each brother represented a ??? in the name of Hashem of ???-? which is numerically 21. Yaakov figured that since 9x21=189 (9 brothers multiplied by 21- the numerical value of the name of Hashem that each one affected) therefore the Jews should suffer for 189 years in Egypt to atone for this, and in the 190th year they should go free. What was hidden from Yaakov was the fact that Hashem "completed" the ???? of 10 for the brothers and was also "involved" in the sale of Yosef, so Yaakov didn’t know he had to add another 21(representing Hashem’s part in the sale) and make it 210 years, (21x10=210) which is in fact how long the Egyptian exile lasted. This is hinted to in Rashi "??? ???? ????? ?? ???"- he wanted to tell them it was going to be a 190 year exile. ?? is numerically 190. However "?????? ???? ?????"- the fact that the Shechinah was also included in the sale was hidden from him, so he couldn’t figure out why the exile of Egypt would have to be longer than 190 years?! The brothers then exclaimed: "??? ????? ?' ????? ?' ???"- that Hashem is counted as one, he was with us! You have to add another 21 years! When Yaakov heard this he exclaimed "???? ?? ????..."- "blessed is the name of Hashem".
This is why when Hashem instructed Moshe Rabeinu to redeem the Jews, Moshe asked: what name of Hashem should I tell the people? Now, what kind of question was that to ask Hashem? In reality Moshe was confused, since he thought that the name of Hashem that the brothers affected with their sin was the name of ???'?which equals 26. 26x10=260 (Moshe knew Hashem was part of the count). So he figured the exile would be 260 years. Moshe thought that Hashem was taking them out too early! That is why it says by the story of the burning bush, "???? ?' ?? ?? ?????" -"Hashem saw that he turned to see". The word ?? is numerically 260. Hashem saw that Moshe was under the impression that it should be a 260 year exile. Now we understand what Moshe was really asking Hashem by asking what his name was, meaning; which name was affected by the sale of Yosef? Hashem replied ?-?-?-? ????? ?????- the name is ?-?-?-? and it’s 21x10. The 210 years are complete, and it’s time to go.
The Asarah Harugei Malchut (ten Sadikim that were murdered by the Romans) took the place of the ten that that were involved in the sale of Yosef; each Rabbi was a ???? for a different brother. The question is, if Hashem was involved, who was a ???? (??????) for Hashem?! It was Rabbi Akivah. Why specifically him? Since ????? ????? was ???? all the ??’s in the Torah (he found a teaching that each ?? in the Torah was including) when he reached the Pasuk of "???? ?? ? ?????"- "you have to fear G-d", he stopped. Who can this verse include, that has to be feared like G-d?! Until Rabbi Akivah came along and said "????? ?????? ?????"- "the rabbis must be feared and respected like one fears Hashem". Rabbi Akivah equated (to a degree) the rabbis and Hashem, so he was the perfect candidate to be the rabbi who takes the place of Hashem for a ????. This is why the ???? says that as his flesh was being combed with iron he cried out "??? ????? ?' ????? ?' ???"! Rabbi Akivah was showing us that Hashem was counted as one of the ten that was involved in the sale of Yosef, and that his death was the "????" for Hashem! The Gemarah continues and says "???? ????? ????"- "his Neshama left him as he said the word ???", now we can understand deeper, ???? ????? ???? means- that his soul left him ????, because of ???. He died for Hashem to complete the ???? of the ???? ????? ?????.

In every generation there are 10 Tzadikim that die, to be ???? for the 10 that sold Yosef. This is hinted to in the Pasuk, when the brothers were accused by Yosef of being spies "?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????"-"they told one another, indeed we are guilty concerning our brother". This is the only Pasuk in the Torah that has six consecutive words that begin with the letter ???. Each ??? corresponds to another millennium, (? is spelled ???-a thousand) and there will only be six millennium. Showing that in each generation of the six millennium there will need to be a ?????-a rectification for the selling of Yosef.

When Yaakov heard the brothers say "??? ?????" he responded with"???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???". What is the significance of ???? ??, and why say it now? In the Hebrew alphabet there are only 6 letters that are "connected" to the name of Hashem (they appear in front of Hashem’s name) and they are ?',?',?',?',?',?', for example; ??' ??' ,??' . No other letters are connected like these six; this makes these letters very holy. The first letters of "???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???", are these six letters showing the holiness of this statement.

We say the "???? ??" right after "??? ?????", the Shema has six words and the Baruch Shem has six words. This is alluded to in the shoulder strap of the ???? (apron) of the Kohen Gadol, that had six names of tribes on one shoulder and six on the other.

The letter ?' (which is numerically 6) itself hints to the six words of Shema that are said loud, and the six words of Baruch Shem that are said in a whisper. If we spell out the letter ?' it is ?-?, one of the Vav’s is seen and one is "behind the scenes" that we don’t see (when we see a ?' in a word we only see the letter ?' not its complete spelling of ?-?). The ?' that is seen corresponds to the six words of Shema said out loud, and the ?' that is not seen corresponds to the six words of Baruch Shem said in an inaudible whisper.

There are a total of 25 letters in the Shema, and there are 24 letters in Baruch Shem. However the Rabbis say to count the statement of Baruch Shem itself as one to make it 25. This is what Moshe Rabeinu was looking for when he was about to kill the Egyptian as the Pasuk says ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???…. The word ?? is numerically 25; Moshe was searching if any of this Egyptians descendants would say Shema and Baruch Shem, which have 25 and 25 letters. When Moshe saw that none of them would, he killed him.

The six words of Baruch Shem are like six wings, and they correspond to the six wings of the angels (like it says in the Pasuk; angels have two wings covering their face, two wings covering their legs, and two wings to fly). This is why when someone accidentally says a ???? ????? (an unnecessary ????) he must say Baruch Shem. The simple reason is that since we said Hashem’s name in vain, we want to show that Hashem’s name is still blessed and holy to us, so we say Baruch Shem (blessed is the name of Hashem). We now understand a deeper reason. Normally when someone makes a ???? the necessity of the ???? gives it the wings to go up to the ????, but in the case of a ???? ????? it has no wings to elevate it to ????, since it wasn’t really necessary. Therefore we say Baruch Shem, to give the ???? the wings to go up to the ????.

After the destruction of the temple, ?????? had a prophecy of an angel with only four wings instead of six. Which two wings were missing? The middle two-the ones that cover the legs. This is like the Baruch Shem (which as mentioned corresponds to the six wings of the angels) without its two middle words ???? ?????? (lit; glory of his kingdom), showing us that now, in the exile, Hashem’s glory is not evident to the world. Therefore we say Baruch Shem in a whisper because today, Hashem’s glory is still hidden. In the future when Hashem’s glory will be shown to all, we will say it in a loud voice. This is why we pray ??? ???? ?????? ?????-that Hashem should reveal his glory to the world and "bring back" the two missing wings of the angels with the words ???? ?????? . We now understand a connection between the six words of Baruch Shem and the future Geulah, which is what Yaakov was focusing on.

There is a Beit Hamikdash in Shamayim and we await the time that it will come down onto this world. In Shamayim the Beit Hamikdash and Hashem’s glory is complete, and the ???? ?????? is present, therefore the angels in Shamayim have all six wings. (The angels that ?????? saw that were missing wings were on this world). That is why on Yom Kippur when we act like angels by not eating, drinking, etc. we say Baruch Shem out loud since we are like the heavenly angels that have all six wings since they have the Beit Hamikdash, and the glory of Hashem is clear.

There are those who say that the 2 wings that were missing from the angels in the prophecy of ?????? are the ones that they fly with, that correspond to the last 2 words; ????? ???. This was hinted to by Yaakov Avinu when he instructed Yosef to go find his brothers as the Pasuk says:

????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ""
"Yaakov said to Yosef, are your brothers not pasturing in Shechem? Go and I will send you to them".

Yaakov knew that the Beit Hamikdash will be destroyed because of ???? ????-baseless hatred and this is the reason why it is still not rebuilt in our days. Sensing the discord that existed between the brothers, Yaakov was hinting to Yosef that this trait of ????-hatred will cause the of delay of the future redemption. Yaakov said ??? ???? ???? ???? the word ???? stands for ???? ?? ???? ?????? without the ????? ???, this is what’s going to be lacking in the future before the final ?????. The next words are ??? ?????? which is the first letters of ????? ???, to show that this is what needs to be added to Baruch Shem. ??? ??????- go to your brothers and unite with them in ???? as this trait of ???? brings the ????? ???? and completes the Baruch Shem.

The first letters of ????? ??? are ?'? which is numerically 36. There are 36 books in the Talmud showing that the study of the Talmud adds ????? ??? to the ???? ?? and brings closer the ?????.

Rabeinu Hakadosh – ??? ????? ????? was a Gilgul of Yaakov Avinu. The word ????? is ?''? of ??? ????? ?? ????. He arranged the ??? ???? ???? – the six orders of Mishnayot. These six Sidrei Mishna correspond to the six words of Baruch Shem said by Yaakov Avinu. This is hinted to in several places in the Mishnayot. The Mishnayot begin with the proper time to recite the Shema (with Baruch Shem) in the evening. The last two books of the Mishna are Kodshim and Taharot which correspond to the last two words ????? ??? – the words that refer to the Geulah. Kodshim and Taharot are the books explaining the laws pertaining to the Beit Hamikdash that will come down from Shamayim in the time of the Geulah.

Yosef Hasadik was so holy, that there were six names of Hashem of.. ?-? contained in his name. Yosef is numerically 156 and 6x ???'? (26) =156. When the brothers sold Yosef they actually were "damaging" six times the name of Hashem-???'?. This is hinted to when the brothers said (in the Pasuk mentioned previously) ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????, six consecutive words that begin with the letter ???. The letter ??? -as mentioned by the Rabbi last week- corresponds to the name of Hashem of ???'? since ??? is comprised of the letter ?' and two ???’s which total 26 (6+10+10=26). Six consecutive ???’s represent the 6 ???'?’s that the brothers realized they were ???? by selling Yosef.

The day of Shabbat and specifically the ??? ???? (the 2 loaves of bread that we eat at each meal on Shabbat) are a ????-a rectification for the sale of Yosef. The Pasuk in ????? ?' ?? speaks of the commandment of Shabbat :
????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????.. ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????""
"Remember that you were a slave in Egypt and Hashem has taken you out, therefore Hashem has commanded you to make the Shabbat".

The slave here is really referring to Yosef that was sold as a slave and went down to Egypt and therefore, to rectify this, Hashem has given us the Shabbat.

Specifically the ??? ???? that we eat rectifies the sale of Yosef since the word ??? is numerically 78 (78 is 3 times 26 - ???'?). Two ???’s is 78x2 which is 156, six times Hashem’s name of ???'?, showing that this Mitzvah rectifies the six ????? that were ???? by the sale of Yosef who contained in his name six ?????.
In addition, the ??? ???? is eaten to commemorate the ?? (the heavenly bread that fell from Shamayim for the Jews during the stay in the desert). The Pasuk says about the ?? :"???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????" "on the sixth day they shall prepare what they brought". Two portions of ?? fell on Friday and we have two loaves of bread on Shabbat to commemorate this. Why do we commemorate on Shabbat, a miracle that occurred on Friday? Friday is ??? ????-the sixth day, the number six refers to Yosef. What does Yosef have to do with the number six? Since the sixth Sefirah is ???? and the ???? corresponds to this Sefirah as it says ???? ???? ????- a ???? is one who masters the test of the ???? and is totally pure in that regard, he is called ???? ???? (literally; the foundation of the earth). Since the ???? is where life starts from and is the foundation of everything, therefore one who masters that area is called ???? ???? ????. Yosef who conquered his ??? ??? of the ???? (as is seen in the episode with the wife of ??????) earned the title ???? and is therefore connected with ???? which as mentioned is the sixth Sefirah. (This being a reason why Yosef had specifically six ?????in his name)This is why the sixth Aliyah to the Torah- the Aliyah of ??? – is usually given to the biggest Sadik in the shul. (This is also why by the ???????? of Succot-the guests that visit the Succah- the guests do not come in chronological order. It is in the order of the Sefirot, therefore the sixth night is the ???????? of Yosef even though Yosef lived before Moshe and Aharon). When the Pasuk says that on the sixth day they received the double portion of ??- which is why on Shabbat we have a double portion of ???- this hints to the reason for the two ???’s- the six times ???'? – namely, in order to rectify the sale of Yosef who contained six ????? , and was ????, represented by the number six-the six day. We also allude to this when we start Kiddush with the words: ??? ?????.

Parashat Behaalotecha- Rectification is Always Possible
Parashat Naso- Emuna First
Shavuot- Celebrating the Eternal Torah
Shavuot- The Challenge – and Rewards – of Torah Commitment
Parashat Behar- Experiencing the Sweetness and Delight of Torah
Parashat Emor- Keter Shem Tob 'The Crown of Good Reputation'
Parashat Ahare Mot- Planting Our Spiritual Trees
Parashat Shemini- Respect and Reverence in the Synagogue
Pesah: Redemption Then and Now
Pesah- Its A Mirage
Parashat Vayikra- The Triple Sin of Dishonesty
Parashat Pekudeh- Counting the Things That Matter
Parashat Ki Tisa- The Sanctity of Every Jew
Purim and the Sale of Yosef
Parashat Terumah- The Torah’s “Footsteps”
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