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Shabbat Morning Class - Parasha Tetzaveh

Rabbi Mansour 2011
Shabbat Morning Class
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This week’s Parasha discusses the various priestly garments worn by
the Kohanim in the Bet Hamikdash. These garments were much more than
just articles of clothing. They actually brought a ???? (forgiveness) for the
various sins of the Jews.
One of the garments worn by the Kohen Gadol was the ???? (robe).
The bottom of the robe was lined by bells that would ring as the Kohen
would walk. This would alert people to the approach of the Kohen Gadol.
The Gemarah says (Gemarah Zevahim 88b) that the robe atoned for evil
speech (slander). Rav Chanina explained, let something that emits sound
(through its bells) atone for sound (evil speech).
Aside for atoning for evil speech, the robe of the Kohen Gadol also
atoned for sins of immoral thoughts and actions. This is because a person’s
speech and his morality are linked. The numerical value of the word ??
(mouth) is 85. The numerical value of the word ???? is also 85. This shows
us that a person’s speech is indicative of how he guards his Berit Milah,
and his level of morality. It is said, that if you see someone that speaks
improperly, know that they have issues with the holiness of their Berit Milah
as well! Thus, the robe that made noise, and atoned for evil speech also
atoned for ??? ????? (defiling the holy Milah).
The main cause of a person’s failure in guarding his Berit Milah is the
Yeser Hara. The name of the Yeser Hara is ??-?-? (not to be pronounced).
His "female" counterparts name is ?? -??? (not to be pronounced). These
angels cause a Jew to stray and stumble. We refer to these angels in the
Amidah when we say; " ??? ????? ??? ????? " and " ."???? ???? ???? ??? ??
It is written that there is a holy name that subdues and separates
these two angels. This name is ?-? -? . One of the Pesukim that describe the
???? (robe), hint to this power of the ???? -to utilize the holy name ? -? -? , and
separate the two angels from each other thereby subduing them.
Perek 28 Pasuk 32 says; "???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???
???? ???? ?? ?? ????" -"and the opening of its head shall be folded over
within it, its opening shall have a border all around, the work of a weaver
like the opening of a suit of armor- it shall be for him it shall not be torn".
The ?''? (first letters) of the words " ???? ???? ???? ??? " spell the name of
the angel ?-? ?-? . The next word is the word ??? - the same letters as the
holy name ??? . The ?''? of the words that follow are " "???? ???? ?? ?? ????
spell the name ??-??? . This hints to us that the name ?-?-? "divides" and
breaks these two angels, and assists in defecting them. We merit this
ability through the ???? - the holy garment the Pasuk is describing.
Today, when we do not have the Bet Hamikdash, Kohen Gadol, and
his garments, how can we merit defeating these angels, and remaining
pure and holy? We have the holy Torah. The Torah gives us strength, and
the ability to defeat these angels that try to bring us down. The numerical
value of the word ???? is 611. The numerical value of the 2 angels
combined is 611 ( 131 =??-?-? and 480 =??-??? total is 611). This shows us
that through the holy Torah we have the strength to be as strong as they
are, and defeat them. As it says " ?????? ??? ???, ????? ???? ????? "-"I
created the Yeser Hara and I created the Torah as an antidote for him".
There is another Misvah that enables a person to defeat these
angels, and remain pure and holy. This is the Misvah of Tefillin. Moshe
Rabeinu (in Shemot Perek 33 Pasuk 18) requested to see Hashem.
Hashem answered that this was impossible. However Hashem told Moshe
that he would "remove his hand" and enable Moshe to see his back. The
Pasuk (23) says " ?????? ?? ??? "-"I will remove my hand". The Gemarah
explains (Berachot 7) that Hashem removed his hand to show Moshe the
knot of the back of his Tefillin Shel Rosh. The words " ?????? ?? ??? " can
also be understood; "when I remove ??? "- when I remove the ???? of the
Kohen (when the temple is destroyed), and thereby remove the ??-? "effect"
of the ???? to subdue the angels of the Satan- you will still have the Misvah
of Tefillin (as Hashem showed Moshe the knot of this Tefillin). This will take
the place of the ???? in utilizing the holy name of ?? -? to defect these
The numerical value of the word ?????? is 580. The angel ??-?? gets
his life source from the letters ?-? in his name. The total of the angels ??-???
and ?? without the letters ? -? (his life source) total 580. This shows that the
Tefillin have the ability to "drain the life" of the ?? , and enable the Jewish
people to defeat them.
This is also hinted in the portion of Shaharit that we read when we put
on our Tefillin. We read that the result of wearing Tefillin is; "???? ???? ????
?' ????" -"so that the Torah of Hashem should be in your mouth". The word
???? contains the holy name ? -? -? showing, that the Tefillin also have this
ability to break the angels of .???? ????
The Pasuk also alludes to the extra advantage of learning Torah with
our Tefillin on (as mentioned the Torah too helps us defeat the Yeser
Hara). " ???? ???? ???? ?' ???? "-"so that the Torah will be in your mouth".
The word ???? can be broken up as 2) ?-??? times ??? - same letters as .(???
Meaning, the result of learning the ???? while wearing our Tefillin, we merit
a "double dose" of the holy name ?-?-? that enables us to defeat our Yeser
The Rambam writes that the holiness of the Tefillin exceeds that of
the ??? (head plate) of the Kohen Gadol! His proof is, that the ??? had the
holy name of ???? written only once on it, whereas the Tefillin Shel Yad has
21 mentions of ???? , and the Tefillin Shel Rosh contain another 21 which in
total is 42 names of ???? in the Tefillin!
The holiness of the Tefillin helps us keep our minds and hearts "in
check". The Tefillin Shel Yad is on our hearts, and the Tefillin Shel Rosh is
on top of our mind. This ensures that our hearts and mind do not stray, and
we stay faithful to Hashem. As a result, Hashem dwells in our midst as the
Pasuk in last weeks Parasha says " ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? "-"make for me
a sanctuary and I will dwell in them". The Rabbis ask, why does it say in
them? It should say in it?! The answer is that Hashem dwells inside of each
and every Jew. What causes Hashem to "dwell" in us? It is the Tefillin. This
is hinted to in the words ?????? ????? , the word ????? comprise the words
???-?? -"inside the 42". Meaning, Hashem rests inside those who wear the
Tefillin that contain the 42 mentioning of the name of Hashem. The word
????? also comprise the words ????-? -"inside the letter Mem Sofit". The
letter Mem Sofit is written in the Torah as a square, and thus represents the
shape of the Tefillin which are square, showing again that Hashem dwells
in those that are careful to don their Tefillin daily.
This is alluded to when Hashem told Moshe Rabeinu (Parashat
Shemot Perek 3 Pasuk 14) " ??? -? ??? ???-? ", and Rashi explains ???-?
???? ?? -"I will be there in this difficult time" , and " ??? ???-? "-"I will be with
you in the other exiles". We see this name of " ??? -? ??? ???-? " symbolizing
Hashem’s being with us in all the exiles. The numerical value of the word
???-? is 21. The Tefillin each contain 21 names of Hashem, therefore
??? -? ??? ??? -?" " represent the two times 21 names of Hashem that are
contained in the Tefillin Shel Yad and Shel Rosh, and is the symbol that
Hashem dwells with us in all our exiles.
The Tefillin helps curb our passions that stem from the heart, and
they help control the ideas of our mind that they should not stray towards
improper beliefs. If only the many people who struggle with depression and
addictions knew the power of Tefillin! If we wear the Tefillin, and properly
observe their laws we merit the priceless gift of clarity of mind and freedom
from our evil desires!

Parashat Behaalotecha- Rectification is Always Possible
Parashat Naso- Emuna First
Shavuot- Celebrating the Eternal Torah
Shavuot- The Challenge – and Rewards – of Torah Commitment
Parashat Behar- Experiencing the Sweetness and Delight of Torah
Parashat Emor- Keter Shem Tob 'The Crown of Good Reputation'
Parashat Ahare Mot- Planting Our Spiritual Trees
Parashat Shemini- Respect and Reverence in the Synagogue
Pesah: Redemption Then and Now
Pesah- Its A Mirage
Parashat Vayikra- The Triple Sin of Dishonesty
Parashat Pekudeh- Counting the Things That Matter
Parashat Ki Tisa- The Sanctity of Every Jew
Purim and the Sale of Yosef
Parashat Terumah- The Torah’s “Footsteps”
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1002 Parashot found