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Shabbat Morning Class - Parasha Vayeitzei

Rabbi Mansour 2010 5771
Shabbat Morning Class

???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?' ????? ???
?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????
???? ????

"???? ???? ??? ???? ???' ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?' ??
"And Yaakob vowed saying etc. and (Hashem will) give me bread to eat and garments
to wear. So that I come back to my father’s house in peace. Then shall Hashem will
be for me as G-d".

Yaakov Avinu was on his way to meet his wicked uncle Lavan, and made a vow
to Hashem in hopes that this would help him emerge from his stay with Lavan
In his vow Yaakov said: " ???? ?' ?? ?????? "-"And Hashem will be my
G-d". What did Yaakov mean by this? Rashi explains "????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???, ???
???? ???? ?????" -"His name should be upon me from beginning to end, that there should
be no defect in my descendants".
Rashi is telling us that the words " ???? ?' ?? ?????? " was a prayer by Yaakov, that
Hashem’s name be upon him throughout, thereby insuring him that his children and
future descendants will be pure.
How did Rashi know that the words " ???? ?' ?? ?????? " was a prayer for children?
All Yaakov said was "Hashem will be my G-d", where in these words is there any
indication that he was referring to children??
[There is no other commentary like Rashi Hakadosh. Rashi purified himself and
fasted 613 fasts before he started writing his commentary on the Torah!
The grandson of Rashi, Rabeinu Tam said that what his grandfather Rashi wrote
on the Gemarah, perhaps he could have done himself, but the commentary he wrote
on the Torah would’ve been impossible for him to do!
Rabbi Shimshon Miastropoly wrote a very deep and mystical commentary on the
Torah. When it was completed, they came to him in a dream and told him that the
Sefer revealed too many secrets to the people and it needed to be cut down. Rabbi
Shimshon edited it, and took out a lot of it. Again, he was told in a dream that it was
still too revealing. He cut it down again and again, until finally he was told that it was ok
to distribute. When he looked at his final version he found, that it was word for word the
commentary of Rashi! We see how much is hidden inside the words of Rashi! The
words of Rashi are filled with depth. There are many different ways to explain them,
and Rashi intended for each and every one of them!]
There are several ways of explaining how Rashi knew that the words " "???? ?' ?? ??????
was a prayer for children.
One explanation is that Yaakov Avinu used the word ?? (to me). The word ?? is a
word that is used for something everlasting and perpetual. For example, Hashem gave
the Kohanim everlasting holiness as the Pasuk says; " ."???? ???? ?? ????? ?????
Hashem gave the Leviim their holiness forever as the Pasuk says " ."???? ?? ?????
Hashem sanctified the Jewish people eternally as the Pasuk says " ?????? ?? ???? ". We
also find this by marriage, when a man sanctifies his wife unto him he says; "??? ??
?????? ??" - showing that this is a perpetual bond. When Yaakov said "???? ?' ??
??????" - he was asking that Hashem forever be for him a G-d, meaning; that he, his
children, and all future descendants forever should keep the Misvot of Hashem. It was
from the word ?? - that implies something continuous - that Rashi knew Yaakov was
praying for his descendants.
Another understanding of how Rashi knew that Yaakov was praying for his
children, is a deeper understanding of what parents and children represent.
??? ???? ????? ????? ?????" ". When a man and woman get married Hashem is "among
them". When a couple maintains their purity and harmony Hashem is found with them.
The ??? from the word ??? , and the ' ? from the word ??? , form ?-? - (part of the holy
name of Hashem of ?-?-?-? ). When they do not have purity and harmony, Hashem
withdraws his presence. The ' ? leaves from ??? and the ' ? leaves from ??? and they
are left with ?? ?? (fire of strife)!
The man and woman comprise the ?-? as mentioned, but what about the second
half of Hashem’s name the ?-? ? Where are those letters found in their marriage?? It is
found in the ????? (marriage contract where a man promises to support and respect his
wife). The word ????? is a unique word, found only by a marriage contract. Any other
contract is called a ??? . Technically speaking, this marriage contract should be called
a ??? or a ??? (document) like other documents, why is it called a ????? ?? The word
????? can be broken up to spell ???-?? . Showing that this ??? (document), is where the
?-? is found! This completes the name of Hashem for the couple, and this is why it is
forbidden for a married man and woman to be together without a ????? ! The man and
woman ( ?-? ) plus the ?-?) ????? ) complete the name of Hashem, and cause his
presence to be upon them.
Another way that the letters ?-? is found in the marriage is through the children.
The Misvah of ??? ???? (to have children) is fulfilled only when one has a boy and a girl
(if he only has children of one gender, he fulfills the Misvah through his grandchildren -
??? ???? ????? ). The boy represents the letter ' ? and the girl represents the letter ' .?
When a man and woman unite and have children they "complete" the name of Hashem
(the husband and wife are the ?-? and the son and daughter are the .(?-?
We now understand how Rashi knew that when Yaakov said
???? ?-?-?-? ?? ??????" ", he was praying for his children. Children represent the
completion of the name of Hashem. When Yaakov was praying that Hashem ( (?-?-?-?
be for him, he was praying for the complete name of Hashem to be upon him and this
is only through his children. Without children, the ?-? of the name of Hashem is
"missing". It is from here that Rashi knew that Yaakov’s prayer was for his children.
Now that we know that children represent the ?-? of the name of Hashem, we
understand the significance and symbolism of one of the most important moments of a
wedding. Our custom is that the Chatan marches down the aisle first, and afterwards
the Kallah walks down the aisle with her parents. Midway up the aisle they stop, the
Chatan approaches them and "takes" the Kallah from her parents. The Chatan and
Kallah then march down the aisle together. This is a pivotal moment; it is when all four
letters of the name of Hashem come together! The parents of the Kallah are ?-? (as
mentioned, every married couple represent ?-? ) and the children - the boy and girl -
represent ?-? . At the moment when the brides parents "transfer" their daughter to the
Chatan - the four of them standing there together- symbolize the "coming together" of
all four letters of the name of Hashem! What a holy moment!
We can also use this concept to explain a deeper understanding in a blessing
that is customarily given to a bride and groom. We wish them " ?????? ???? ??? "-the
marriage should "go up nicely". What is the meaning of this blessing? Hacham Baruch z’l explained that after the Shema of the morning we say," ????? ????? " and we proceed to
say 15 different descriptions of how proper and just the words of the Shema are. The
15th word is ???? . When we wish the couple that their marriage should be ???? ??? , we
are alluding to the 15th description in the ????? and we are wishing them all the 15
different descriptions of goodness that the ????? lists.
In addition to this, the 15th word ( ???? )-in the list of ????? represents the letters ?-?
(which equal15), showing the couple, that now that they have married, they should
merit the 15 ) ?-? ) that as mentioned, joins a husband and wife in a pure marriage.
Another meaning of this blessing " ?????? ???? ??? ", alludes to the future time of
the Mashiach. Currently, Hashem’s name is ?-?-?-? , in the future it will become .?-?-?-?
This is why we say " ???? ???? ???? ?' ??? "-"on that day (when Mashiach comes)
Hashem’s name will be ???? . This is also the meaning of the Pasuk that says Hashem
will redeem us " ????? ?????? " (the "end like the beginning"). When Hashem redeems
us, the end letters of his name ( ?-? ) will be ?????? -like the first letters ( ?-? ) and it will
spell ???? . At the moment described above - when the Chatan approaches the bride
and her parents, and takes her from them - it symbolizes a Messianic moment. The
children (bride and groom) represent ?-? (as mentioned above). When they merge in
marriage they become ?-? (as mentioned, every husband and wife are the ?-? of
Hashem’s name). The children getting married signify the ?-? transforming into ?-? and
this is exactly what happens when Mashiach comes. The ?-? turns into ?-? and
Hashem’s name becomes !??-??
The higher level of kindness of Hashem occurs when the two names of Hashem
??-?? & ?-?-?-?) ) merge. This is called a ????? . The two names of Hashem total 91 (- ??
26 =?-?-?-? + 65 =?? = 91). In the future the name ??-?? will merge with ?-?-?-? and will
instead total 95 ( 30 =???? + 65 =??-?? = 95). This is why we end many prayers; .???
??? The word ??? totals 91 and ??? totals 95. We are asking Hashem to accept our
prayer now - at the time when the two names total 91 - and in the future when it will
total 95. 95 is the Gematriyah of the word ??? . This is what we mean when we tell the
couple ?????? ???? ??? - we are actually praying to Hashem that just like the bride and
groom merged in marriage and - while doing so - turned ?? into ?? , so too Hashem’s
holy names should merge and it should be with Mashiach when Hashem’s name is - ?-?
?-? and the total is 95 ( ???? .(??? -the combination, ???? - should equal, -95 ??? .
Another interpretation of what Rashi meant in his commentary of the words "????
?' ?? ??????" when he said; " ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???, ??? ???? ???? ????? "- is based
upon a fundamental approach in serving Hashem. The Pasuk in Tehilim says "??? ???
???? ???" -"stay away from bad and do good". We are instructed to first ??? ??? - rid
ourselves of our sins and do Teshuvah, and only after this; ??? ??? - do the Misvot. If
someone does Misvot while he still has sins on his "record", it is like someone serving
the king food on a dirty plate! We must first "clean the plate" by repenting and only
afterwards do Misvot and serve Hashem. This is also what David Hamelech meant
when he wrote in Tehilim; " ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? " (lit; "it is vain for you to rise
up early, to sit up late"). The Misvot are referred to as;" ??? ???? "-"get up and do".
When it comes to Averot we say " ?? ??? ???? "-"sit and don’t do them". The Pasuk is
now understood; " ??? ??? ????? ??? "-"it is in vain for you those that perform Misvot ( ???
is the reference to Misvot), ????? ??? when you’ve delayed Mastering control over the
sins ( ??? is like ?? ??? ???? - a reference to sins)!
This is the meaning of a statement in the Gemarah "?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????
???? ???? ????" -"whoever is not well versed in the laws of divorce and marriage should
not involve himself with them". Simply understood, the Gemarah is advising one who is
not well versed in the laws of marriage not to involve himself with them, lest he error
and permit illegal marriages. The depth of this statement is; whoever does not know
the "system" of ????? ??????? - divorce than marriage, meaning; first divorce the Satan
?????) )- than only afterwards sanctify ( ?????? ) yourself with Misvot. ???? ???? ???? -if you
don’t know this, then don’t get involved with doing Misvot!
When we perform Misvot while we are still stained with sins, this causes the
????? ???? and the ?????? to "take" them and benefit from them, and through our
Teshuvah we are able to take it back (Teshuvah comes from the word ???? -"to
This was the intent of Yosef Hasadik when he set up his two sons Menashe and
Ephraim for a Berachah from Yaakov his father (in Parashat Vayechi). Menashe
represents refraining from ?? ???? –????? , he was named ?? ???? ?????-???? -"Hashem
caused me to forget my suffering", and sins are what we try to "forget". Ephraim
represented Misvot " ?? ????? ????? "-"Hashem caused me to be fruitful"- Misvot are
what we want to increase and multiply. Yosef set them up as Menashe (signifying
avoiding sin) at the primary hand of Yaakov- the right hand, and Ephraim (signifying
doing Misvot) on the secondary hand of Yaakov- the left hand. This was Yosef’s way of
symbolizing the proper approach to serving Hashem. First comes avoiding sin then
comes doing Misvot.
The only problem is, if we keep to this rule - that we may serve Hashem only
after avoiding sin and doing complete Teshuvah - there would be nobody to serve
Hashem!! " ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? "-"there is no perfectly righteous person who has
never sinned"! We all have sins, and we all struggle with our evil inclination, if we had
to wait until we obliterated it, we would never be able to serve Hashem!
It was because of this that Yaakov switched his hands! " ??? ?? ???? " (lit;
changed his hands)the word ??? -switch comes from the word ??? -wisdom. Yaakov
switched his hands and placed his primary hand on Ephraim and his secondary hand
on Menashe! He placed his primary hand on Ephraim showing that we should start
with the Misvot (that Ephraim represents) and afterwards we will do Teshuvah on our
sins (that Menashe represents). By doing so, he imbued in us the ability to do Misvot
even though we are not perfect! It’s ok if you have Averot on your record, just do
Misvot!! If we keep filling ourselves with Misvot, the bad will wither away. This is why
we bless our children " ????? ????? ?????? ?????? "-"you should be like Ephraim and
Menashe" placing Ephraim (Misvot) before Menashe (Aveirot).
We now understand the Pasuk mentioned above; ??? ??? -stay away from bad.
How do we do this? ???? ??? -by doing good! Keep doing Misvot and studying Torah
and that is how we will defeat our evil inclination!
This is why when it comes to lighting the Chanukah Menorah; there is a
Machloket between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel. Beit Shammai says to start by
lighting eight candles, then each subsequent night light one less candle. Beit Hillel
says start with one, then be ????? ????? - add one more candle each night. Beit Hillel’s
opinion typifies our approach to serving Hashem. It’s ok to Start with just one candle
(Misvah). One little Misvah will culminate into many many more! "A little light pushes
away a lot of darkness"!
With just a small beginning we can become totally righteous. The key is that we
have to start. A little ??????? ????? (movement down here on this world) will cause
much ??????? ????? (movement in the upper world)!! A little bit of good takes us much
further than we could ever imagine!
This is what Yaakov was instituting when he said " ???? ?' ?? ?????? ". The word
???? is composed of ?? then ?? . The letters ?? correspond to Misvot (positive
commandments) and the letters ?? correspond to Averot (negative commandments).
From where do we know this? Man has 365 tendons and ligaments corresponding to
the 365 Averot ( ?? ???? ). Man has 248 bones corresponding to the 248 Misvot ( .(???
The Pasuk says " ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? "-"this is my name forever and this is my
remembrance for the generations". The word ??? equals 350. 350 is 15 short of the ??
???? count (365 – 350 =15). 15 equals ?-? . The word ???? equals 237. 237 is 11 shy of
the 248 Misvot 248 ) ??? -237=11) 11 equals
?-? . From here we see that ?-? stands for the Averot and ?? stands for the Misvot.
Hashem’s name is ?-?-?-? . The ?-? comes before the ?-? showing the riddance of
Averot ( ?-? ) comes before the performance of Misvot ( ?-? ). Yaakov Avinu said ' ???? ?
the word ???? spells the ?? before the ?-? . By saying ???? ,Yaakov placed the ?-? (Misvot)
before the ?-? (Averot). This enabled his children, the Jewish people to serve Hashem
even though they are not perfect!
This is why it says " ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? "-"the word ???? is a happy term". This
is because the word ???? is the example of the ?? coming before the ?-? , and
encourages us by showing us that we can always begin serving Hashem no matter
how far we are!!
There are 12 months in the year; Hashem’s name of ???? has 12 different
configurations. Each month represents a different configuration of the name of ???? . In
the month of ???? (which is the month of the high holidays and the month of
repentance) the name is configured ???? . The configuration of the month of Teshuvah
shows us the path how to return to Hashem! Just start and Hashem will help you "take
care" of the rest!
This is what Rashi is telling us on these words ' .???? ?
????? ??? ?????? ??? ???" "-"his name should be upon me from beginning to end". This
means that Yaakov was praying that Hashem’s name should be as if the beginning is
the end (meaning; the beginning ( ?-? ) should be in the end, thus spelling ??-?? ! This
symbolizes the permission to start doing Misvot, even though we are stained with
Averot! Why was this necessary? Rashi continues; " ??? ???? ???? ????? " so that it
should not be a ???? -defect in my children. Meaning; if I don’t change the system, than
my children won’t stand a chance! It will be a ???? for my children, they will all be
defective ?'? ! Therefore Yaakov prayed to switch the system where the Jews would be
able to serve Hashem no matter what!
We find that Hashem acquiesced to Yaakov’s request. The Pasuk says "????
???? ???? ????" -"your children will be like the dust of the earth". ???? ???? -your children
will be under ???? meaning they will be able to serve me through the system of ???? by
doing Misvot anytime.
We must always keep this in mind. The Yeser Hara tries to convince us that we
are lost, and it is useless to try and begin to serve Hashem. We must know that there
is nothing further than the truth! Every small step that we take towards Hashem shakes
the heavens! With this we will strengthen ourselves and always be motivated to serve
Hashem no matter where we stand. Amen.

Parashat Mishpatim: Our Religious Resume
Parashat Yitro- Partnering With Hashem
Parashat BeShalah- A New Understanding of the Splitting of the Sea
Parashat Bo- Pharaoh and His Advisors
Parashat Vaera- Moshe Was Human
Parashat Shemot- The Egyptian “Furnace”
Parashat Vayehi- Yaakob’s Blessing to His Grandchildren
Parashat Vayigash- The Antidote to Adversity
Hanukah- When Building a Foundation
Parashat Vayeshev- The Precious Value of Silence
Parashat Vayishlah- The Dangers of the Gentle Touch
Parashat Vayeseh- Beware the “Laban Syndrome”
Parashat Toldot: Hard Work and Effort
Parashat Hayeh-Sara: Shidduchim and G-d’s Angel
Parashat Vayera- Lot’s Delayed Escape From Sedom
1002 Parashot found