DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

      
(File size: 10.73 MB)
Succot- May One Use a Grafted Etrog?

The Torah commands us to take a "peri eis hadar," known to us as an "etrog." At times, a farmer will combine a lemon and etrog tree; this is called grafting. The poskim discuss the identity of the fruit of this tree, and whether a "grafted" etrog is still considered to be an etrog.

The Rema (Teshuvot HaRema 117) rules that one should not use an etrog murkav (grafted etrog). This opinion appears to have been the consensus of the Rabbis of Sfat in the 16th century, including R. Moshe ben Yosef di Trani, known as the Mabit.

The Rishonim attempt to provide characteristics which might identify a grafted etrog. For example, some wrote that if the etrog is very smooth, or the oketz sticks out, it may be a grafted fruit. Others noted that while if one cuts open a lemon, he will find a lot of pulp, an etrog has very little pulp, as a thick peel surrounds it. Furthermore, the seeds of an etrog are aligned vertically, while the seeds of a lemon (or a grafted etrog) might be horizontal. The Hatam Sofer notes that these characteristics may not be accurate.

Therefore, one must be careful to buy an etrog from an orchard with a tradition. For example, the Hazon Ish only used etrogim from the orchard of Rav Michel Yehudah Lefkowitz; to this day some use only etrogim produced by trees planted from seeds of this original tree. R. Ovadia Yosef and Hacham Ben Sion used "Yemenite etrogim." When the Jews came to Israel from Yemen, they brought with them etrog seeds, which they insist have a tradition of being from pure etrogim.

It is worth noting the opinion of R. Alfanderi (Teshuvot OH 13), who wrote that a grafted etrog is valid. R. Ovadia Yosef maintained that one should not rely upon this opinion.

Summary: One should be careful to purchase etrogim from an orchard which maintains a tradition that their etrogim are not grafted, as almost all halachic authorities invalidate grafted etrogim.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Covering the Bread on the Table on Shabbat and Yom Tob
Must One Eat Bread at Seudah Shlishit?
Must the Halla be on the Table During Kiddush?
Adding Aliyot on Shabbat
The Requirement to Eat Bread at Se’uda Shelishit
Until When Can One Recite “Asher Natan Shabbatot Li’mnuha” in Lieu of “Reseh” in Birkat Ha’mazon?
Shabbat – Practicing Penmanship in the Air; Observing a Mechanic
Having Children Perform Melacha on Shabbat; Halachot of Children During the Nine Days and Hol Ha’mo’ed
Leniencies That Apply During Ben Ha’shemashot at the Beginning and End of Shabbat
Separating Pages in a Book That are Attached
Annulling Vows on Shabbat
Shabbat – Tightening or Attaching Hoods; Using Glue; Balloons and Inflatable Mattresses; Collecting Scattered Fruit
The Prohibition of Kotzer on Shabbat
Writing on Shabbat – Fingerprints, Photographs, Writing on Windows or in the Air, Pens With Temporary Ink
Shabbat – Cutting a Cake with Letters; Putting Letters Together in Scrabble
Page of 229
3432 Halachot found