DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

      
(File size: 2.1 MB)
When Should Birkat Ha’mazon be Recited Over a Cup of Wine?

The Shulhan Aruch (Orah Haim 182:1) cites three opinions as to whether there is a requirement to recite Birkat Ha’mazon "Al Ha’kos" – over a cup of wine. This refers to pouring a cup of wine before Birkat Ha’mazon, then reciting Birkat Ha’mazon while holding the cup, and reciting the Beracha of "Ha’gefen" and drinking the wine after Birkat Ha’mazon. The first opinion cited by the Shulhan Aruch is that of the Rambam (Rav Moshe Maimonides, 1135-1204), who maintained that one is never required to recite Birkat Ha’mazon specifically over a cup of wine. The second view, held by several Rishonim, is that one should always recite Birkat Ha’mazon over a cup of wine. The third opinion, that of the Zohar (Parashat Pinhas), is that if three or more men are reciting Birkat Ha’mazon together, with a Zimun, then the leader should recite Birkat Ha’mazon over a cup of wine.

The Shulhan Aruch does not issue a definitive ruling on this issue, but the Ben Ish Hai (Rav Yosef Haim of Baghdad, 1833-1909) and all the scholars of Kabbalah maintained that one should use a cup of wine when a Zimun is made by three or more men. Especially in our time, when wine is readily available and not very expensive, one should make an effort, when possible, to recite Birkat Ha’mazon over a cup of wine when there is a Zimun. Rav Salman Mutzafi (1900-1974) taught that reciting Birkat Ha’mazon over a cup of wine is more valuable than receiving the prestigious Aliya of "Shishi" in the synagogue one thousand times. Using a Kos Shel Beracha (a cup of wine over which Birkat Ha’mazon is recited) has the effect of bringing down great blessings, and so the importance of this practice cannot be overstated.

However, Hacham Bension Abba Shaul (1924-1998) added that Birkat Ha’mazon should not be recited over a cup of wine in the case where two adult males and one minor (below the age of Bar-Misva) recite Birkat Ha’mazon together. Although Sephardic practice follows the opinion that a Zimun is recited in such a case, some Halachic authorities disputed this ruling. Therefore, since the Zohar indicates that a cup of wine should not be used when a Zimun is not recited, it is preferable not to use a cup for Birkat Ha’mazon in a case where one of the three males reciting Birkat Ha’mazon is a minor.

Summary: When three or more men are reciting Birkat Ha’mazon, with a Zimun, Birkat Ha’mazon should be recited over a cup of wine, and there is great spiritual value in doing so. However, if there are only two men over the age of Bar-Misva and one boy under the age of Bar-Misva, then even though a Zimun is recited, a cup of wine should not be used.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Must One Eat Bread at Seudah Shlishit?
Must the Halla be on the Table During Kiddush?
Adding Aliyot on Shabbat
The Requirement to Eat Bread at Se’uda Shelishit
Until When Can One Recite “Asher Natan Shabbatot Li’mnuha” in Lieu of “Reseh” in Birkat Ha’mazon?
Shabbat – Practicing Penmanship in the Air; Observing a Mechanic
Having Children Perform Melacha on Shabbat; Halachot of Children During the Nine Days and Hol Ha’mo’ed
Leniencies That Apply During Ben Ha’shemashot at the Beginning and End of Shabbat
Separating Pages in a Book That are Attached
Annulling Vows on Shabbat
Shabbat – Tightening or Attaching Hoods; Using Glue; Balloons and Inflatable Mattresses; Collecting Scattered Fruit
The Prohibition of Kotzer on Shabbat
Writing on Shabbat – Fingerprints, Photographs, Writing on Windows or in the Air, Pens With Temporary Ink
Shabbat – Cutting a Cake with Letters; Putting Letters Together in Scrabble
Dancing on Shabbat; Court Cases, Weddings and Pidyon Ha’ben on Shabbat
Page of 227
3392 Halachot found