DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

      
(File size: 9.57 MB)
Is it Permissible to Refer to One’s Father or Rabbi by His Name if He Adds a Title?

The Shach (Rav Shabtai Ha’kohen, 1621-1662), in discussing the laws of respecting Torah scholars (Yoreh De’a 242), writes that it is forbidden to address one’s Rabbi by his first name in his presence even if he adds a title. For example, if one’s Rabbi’s name is "Baruch," he may not refer to him in his presence as "Hacham Baruch." When one is not in his Rabbi’s presence, however, this is permissible. The Shach’s ruling would apply to a parent, as well. If one’s father’s name is Abraham, for example, it is forbidden to refer to him as "Father Abraham" in his presence, but this would be allowed when not in his presence.

Many other Halachic authorities, however, rule more leniently, and permit referring to one’s Rabbi or parent by his name when prefacing the name with a respectful title, even in the presence of the Rabbi or parent. The Kessef Mishneh (commentary to the Rambam’s Mishneh Torah by Rav Yosef Karo, author of the Shulhan Aruch) draws proof from the fact that Yehoshua, the disciple of Moshe Rabbenu, once addressed Moshe by calling to him, "Adoni Moshe" – "My master, Moshe" (Bamidbar 11:28). Apparently, it is permissible to address one’s Rabbi by his name – even in his presence – by prefacing the name with a respectful title, such as "Adoni." This is the ruling of the Peri Hadash (Rav Hizkiya Da Silva, 1659-1698), and this is the position accepted by Hacham Ovadia Yosef. Thus, it is permissible to address one’s Rabbi or one’s parent by his name even in his presence, as long as he uses a respectful title, such as "Rabbi," "Hacham," or "Father."

According to one view (cited by Pit’heh Teshuba, Yoreh De’a 240), if somebody is asked who his father is, he must add a title before mentioning his father’s name – such as "Father" or "Rabbi." However, Hacham Ovadia Yosef draws proof from many passages in the Midrashim that this is not necessary. For example, one passage tells of Moshe Rabbenu identifying himself as "the son of Amram," without saying "the son of my father, Amram." Likewise, Rabban Yohanan Ben Zakai identified himself as "the son of Zakai." Apparently, Hacham Ovadia explains, since one is identifying himself as the child, there is no need to add a respectful title, as it is clear that he intends no disrespect. This is, indeed, Hacham Ovadia’s conclusion, as cited in Yalkut Yosef (Kibbud Ab Va’em, p. 449; listen to audio recording for precise citation).

Summary: It is permissible to refer to one’s father or Rabbi by his name – even in his presence – as long as he adds a respectful title, such as "Rabbi Yosef," or "my father Yosef." If one is asked whose son he is, he may simply state his father’s name, and does not need to add a title.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Tying Neckties and Garbage Bags on Shabbat
Tying and Untying Knots on Shabbat
Is It Permissible to Trap a Deer Inside a Home on Shabbat?
Is It Permissible to Trap a Bug on Shabbat?
Trapping Explained- One of the 39 Forbidden Melachot on Shabbat
May One Ask a Non-Jew to Turn Off a Light on Shabbat?
Asking a Non-Jew to Move a Mukseh Item on Shabbat
Shabbat – If a Non-Jew Mistakenly Turned Off a Light and Then Turned It Back on for a Jew
Asking a Non-Jew to Turn on the Heat or Air Conditioning on Shabbat
If a Non-Jew is Paid to Turn Lights on For a Jew on Shabbat
Giving Precedence to the Shabbat Day Meal Over the Friday Night Meal
Shabbat – The Prohibition Against Eating and Drinking Before Kiddush on Friday Night
Minors Eating Before Kiddush on Friday Night; Eating During Ben Ha’shemashot
Eating and Drinking Before Shaharit, and Before Kiddush on Shabbat
Reciting Kiddush Along With Somebody Else
Page of 232
3480 Halachot found