DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

(File size: 4.79 MB)
Hanukah – The Procedure on the Second Night if One’s Wife Lit for Him the First Night

If a man is away from home on one of the nights of Hanukah, such as if he is traveling on business, and his family members are home, then his wife lights the Hanukah candles at home on his behalf, reciting the usual Berachot, and he does not light. If this happens on the first night of Hanukah, then the wife recites the three Berachot (“Le’hadlik,” “She’asa Nissim,” and “She’hehiyanu”), as usual. If the husband then returns home for lighting on the second night, the question arises as to whether the husband recites the Beracha of “She’hehiyanu” when he lights on the second night. This Beracha, of course, is normally recited only on the first night of Hanukah, when one lights Hanukah candles for the first time that year. In the case under discussion, the husband did not light Hanukah candles on the first might, and thus one might argue that he should recite “She’hehiyanu” on the second night, when he lights candles for the first time. On the other hand, one might claim that since the husband was covered by his wife’s lighting, and she recited “She’hehiyanu,” he is considered to have recited the Beracha on the first night, and so he does not recite it on the second night.

In a previous edition of Daily Halacha, we noted the ruling of Hacham Bension Abba Shaul (Israel, 1924-1998) that the husband does not recite “She’hehiyanu” on the second night in such a case. This is based on the ruling of the Magen Abraham (Rav Avraham Gombiner, Poland, 1633-1683), cited by the Mishna Berura (in Suman 676), and of Rav Haim Palachi (Turkey, 1788-1868). This also appears to have been the view of the Kaf Ha’haim (Rav Yaakob Haim Sofer, Baghdad-Jerusalem, 1870-1939).

However, in a posthumously published responsum of Hacham Ovadia Yosef (Yabia Omer, vol. 11), Hacham Ovadia writes that although this is, indeed, the Halacha, one who wishes to recite “She’hehiyanu” in such a case may do so. Hacham Ovadia notes that numerous different factors affect the question as to whether the recitation of “She’hehiyanu” is required in such a case. Firstly, it is possible that one is required to recite “She’hehiyanu” on the first night of Hanukah not only over the lighting of the candles, but also over the onset of the holiday. If this is true, then although the husband may have fulfilled the “She’hehiyanu” obligation vis-à-vis the candles through his wife’s recitation, he quite possibly remains obligated to recite the Beracha for the holiday itself.

Secondly, it is possible that the husband is covered by his wife’s lighting of the candles on the first night, but not by her recitation of the Berachot. The fact that he satisfies his requirement to light Hanukah candles through his wife’s lighting does not necessarily mean that he is considered to have recited the Berachot.

Thirdly, according to one opinion, when a husband is away from home and his wife lights on his behalf, her lighting does not exempt him entirely from the candle lighting obligation, and he must recite a Beracha if he sees Hanukah candles. Although Halacha does not follow this opinion, it is yet another factor to consider, as according to this view, the husband is not considered entirely covered by the wife’s lighting, and so he would seemingly still be required to recite “She’hehiyanu.”

Moreover, there is an opinion among the Poskim that the standard rule of “Safek Berachot Le’hakel” – that one should not recite a Beracha when it is questionable whether it is required – does not apply to the Beracha of “She’hehiyanu.”

In light of all these factors, Hacham Ovadia writes, one who insists that he wishes to recite “She’hehiyanu” in such a case may be permitted to do so. Fundamentally, however, even Hacham Ovadia agrees that the Beracha is not recited in this situation.

Summary: If a husband is away from home one night of Hanukah, and his wife remains home, she lights at home in his stead, reciting the usual Berachot, including “She’hehiyanu” on the first night. If this happened on the first night of Hanukah, and the husband returns home for the second night, he does not recite “She’hehiyanu,” though he may recite the Beracha if he wishes.


Recent Daily Halachot...
Berit Mila on Shabbat – Bringing the Baby to the Synagogue
Opening a Front Door with a Key on Shabbat
Using Baby Wipes or Moistened Toilet Paper on Shabbat
Taking Fertility or Birth Control Pills on Shabbat
May a Doctor Receive Payment for Medical Services Provided on Shabbat?
Violating Shabbat for a Woman and Newborn After Childbirth, and for Fetal Distress During Pregnancy
Violating Shabbat to Care for a Woman After Childbirth
Violating Shabbat For the Sake of a Woman in Labor
Resuscitating an Unconscious Patient on Shabbat
Using Suppositories or an Enema on Shabbat
Taking A Blood Test on Shabbat
Exercising on Shabbat
Prescription Medication and Antibiotics on Shabbat
Shabbat – Using Mouthwash, Eating Food for Medicinal Purposes
Pills That are Allowed on Shabbat; Inducing Vomiting on Shabbat
Page of 218
3260 Halachot found