DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

      
(File size: 2.43 MB)
Desecrating Shabbat to Help a Frightened Child

The Mishna Berura (Rav Yisrael Meir Kagan of Radin, 1839-1933) addresses (in 328:38) the case of a young child who gets locked in a room on Shabbat, and he rules that in such a case one may break the door in order to let the child out. Even if this would result in creating pieces of wood that could be used as firewood, in which case breaking the door is a constructive activity and could thus constitute a Biblical Shabbat violation, nevertheless, this is allowed. The Mishna Berura explains that when a very young child is frightened, this is a potentially life-threatening situation, given the possibility of the child hurting himself in his state of panic. An older child can be convinced to remain in the room until after Shabbat, and is not likely to react in a dangerous manner, but in the case of a young child, this is considered a dangerous situation that warrants violating Shabbat.

A modern-day application of this Halacha is the case of a child stuck in an elevator on Shabbat. Hacham Ovadia Yosef (Yalkut Yosef – Shabbat, vol. 4) rules that one may call the fire department in such a case, given the potential risk this situation poses to the child.

Rav Moshe Ha’levi (Israel, 1961-2000), in his Menuhat Ahaba (21:19), applies this Halacha also in the case of a young child who is lost and wandering about in fear through the streets. This, too, is a potentially dangerous situation, and therefore one should immediately call the authorities to help this child and bring him to his parents, given the potential danger to the child’s life.

Summary: If a young child is locked in a room on Shabbat, one may break down the door if this is necessary to let him out, as this is a potentially dangerous situation. Likewise, if a child is stuck in an elevator on Shabbat, the fire department should be called in order to rescue him, and if a young child is wandering the streets lost on Shabbat, the authorities must immediately be summoned, given the potential danger.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Desecrating Shabbat to Help a Frightened Child
Violating Shabbat to Treat a Fever
Desecrating Shabbat for a Tetanus Shot or After Ingesting Something Sharp or Toxic
Desecrating Shabbat in Cases of Severe Internal Pain
Taking Preventative Medication on Shabbat
Is it Permissible to Take Pain Relievers on Shabbat?
Minimizing Shabbat Desecration in Situations of Life-Threatening Danger
May One Move Candlesticks on Shabbat After the Candles Have Burned Out?
Paying For A Hotel Room Over Shabbat
“Mukseh Mahamat Hisaron Kis” – Moving Expensive Items on Shabbat
The Friday Night Prayer Service According to the Custom of Halab
May One Recite “Ha’mosi” on Shabbat for Somebody Else After He Had Already Eaten?
The Rule of “Pesik Resheh” – A Permissible Act That Will Inevitably Result in a Shabbat Violation
Kiddush – Having in Mind to Fulfill the Obligation
Should One Stand or Sit for the Friday Night Kiddush & Drinking of the Wine?
Page of 214
3210 Halachot found