DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Halacha is In Memory Of
 Zelda Bat Tzvi Hersh, Hillel Ben Naftoli
"Mommy and Deddy I miss you so much! May your neshamos have the highest aliyah, and be zoche to bring the moshiach b'mhara b'yameinu - AMEN!"

Dedicated By
Esther Walfish

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
      
(File size: 950 KB)
(File size:973 KB)
Purim- Are Newly Married Men, A Tzandak, Mohel and Father of Birt Milah Exempt From Fasting On Taanit Esther

The day before Purim is observed as a fast day, known as Ta'anit Ester.  (When Purim occurs on Sunday, the fast is observed the previous Thursday.)  Several Poskim addressed the question of whether someone who got married within a week prior to Ta'anit Ester must fast on this day, and, likewise, whether those participating in a Brit Mila celebration fast on Ta'anit Ester.

Regarding a groom, the scholar Rabbi Yitzchak Tayib, in his work Erech Ha'shulchan, ruled that he does not fast on Ta'anit Ester.  Rabbi Tayib draws proof to this position from a comment of the Ritva (Rabbi Yom Tov Asevilli, famous Spanish Talmudic commentator, 1250-1330), who writes that a groom must observe the four fasts commemorating the destruction of Jerusalem (Tisha B'Av, Tzom Gedalia, Asara Be'Tevet, and Shiva Asar Be'Tamuz).  The Ritva explains that the groom's "Regel De'yachid," or "private festival," cannot override the "Aveilut De'rabbim," or public observance of mourning, on these fasts days, and he must therefore join in fasting.  This clearly implies that a groom would be exempt from fasts that do not constitute an expression in mourning.  And so, when it comes to Ta'anit Ester, which does not involve mourning, but rather (at least according to one view) commemorates the fast observed by the Jewish people before waging war against their enemies in Persia, a groom would be exempt.  This is also the ruling of the Chida (Rabbi Chayim Yosef David Azulai, 1724-1806).

If a Brit Mila (circumcision) is held on Ta'anit Ester, then the three "Ba'alei Brit Avraham," that is, the infant's father, the Sandak (person who holds the child during the Mila) and the Mohel (person who performs the circumcision), are exempt from fasting.  All others participating in the celebration must fast.

May the three "Ba'alei Brit Avraham" eat before the circumcision, or does the exemption take effect only after the Brit Mila?

Chacham Ovadya Yosef rules that the exemption takes effect only after the circumcision, and therefore the "Ba'alei Brit Avraham" may not eat before the Brit Mila.  Rabbi David Yosef Sh’lita mentions that his father once served as Sandak on Ta'anit Ester, and he indeed refrained from eating until after the Brit Mila.

A groom, however, is exempt from fasting on Ta'anit Ester altogether, and may eat already in the morning.

Is it worthwhile for a groom or one of the "Ba'alei Brit Avraham" to be stringent and refrain from eating despite their exemption?  Chacham Ovadia Yosef rules that since in these situations the groom or "Ba'al Brit" celebrates a Yom Tov (festival), it is improper to fast.  This is particularly so in the case of a Brit Mila, which signifies the thirteen covenants between the Almighty and the Jewish people.

In conclusion, then, a groom within seven days of his wedding is exempt from fasting altogether on Ta'anit Ester, and when a circumcision occurs on Ta'anit Ester, the father, Sandak and Mohel may eat after the Brit Mila.  In either of these cases, the individual in question should not be stringent, and should rather eat to celebrate the happy occasion.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Shofar – The Shebarim Sounds; Proper Intention While Listening to the Blowing
The Reasons for the Misva of Shofar
Halachot of Rosh Hashanah That Falls on Thursday
Rosh Hashanah – The Proper Way to Blow the Shebarim and Shebarim-Teru’a; Kavanot During the Shofar Blowing
Rosh Hashana- One Who Cannot Eat the Traditional Rosh Hashanah Foods
Rosh Hashana- Reciting "She'hecheyanu" on Rosh Hashanah
The One Hundred and One Sounds of the Shofar
Rosh Hashanah – Changing the Parochet; Customs of the Night of Rosh Hashanah
The Sounds of the Shofar
Visiting Graves of Sadikim on Ereb Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah – The Importance of the Special Rosh Hashanah Foods
Rosh Hashana- Is it Proper to Cry During the Rosh Hashanah Prayers?
Rosh Hashanah – Covering the Shofar While Reciting the Berachot
Talking in Between the Shofar Blasts
Rosh Hashana- Se’uda Shelishit When Rosh Hashanah Falls on Shabbat
Page of 199
2973 Halachot found