DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

      
(File size: 9.15 MB)
Yom Kippur – Customs Relevant to the Musaf Prayer

During the Musaf prayer, the phrase "Mi Kamocha Ab Ha’rahaman" is replaced with "Mi Kamocha Ab Ha’rahamim." This custom is based on the Sha’ar Ha’kavanot.

The Sha’ar Ha’kavanot writes that there is a special Kavana (intention) that one should have during the Kedusha recitation in Musaf and Ne’ila on Yom Kippur, and one who has this intention can then ask G-d either for children who are righteous, Ru’ah Ha’kodesh (special spiritual insight), or wealth, and his request will be granted. While reciting the word "Ayeh," one should have in mind three dots underneath the "Yod," which in Gematria equal 30, and a "Kamas" vowel underneath the "Heh," which in Gematria equals 16 (the "Patah" equals 6, and the dot which extends from the "Patah" to form a "Kamas" equals 10). Thus, all the "Nekudot" underneath the letters have a combined Gematria of 46. This word is associated with the special "Shem Ayin Bet" – a Name of Hashem which combines the Name of Havaya ("Yod," "Heh," "Vav" and "Heh") which additional letters, and which has the Gematria of 72. The Gematria of the Name of "Havaya" is 26, and thus the additional letters have the Gematria of 46. One should have this in mind when reciting the word "Ayeh" in Kedusha during Musaf and Ne’ila on Yom Kippur, and then pray for one of the three blessings mentioned above. The Hazan should have this prayer in his mind, whereas others can actually verbalize the prayer.

During the "Aboda" section of the Musaf prayer on Yom Kippur, it is customary to bow on the floor when we read of how the Jews in the Bet Ha’mikdash would bow upon hearing the Kohen Gadol recite the Name of Hashem. The custom is that women do not bow, as this would be inappropriate.

There is a custom based on the teachings of Hacham Mordechai Sherabi (Yemen-Israel, 1908-1983) to sing on the night of Yom Kippur the "Ben Adama" hymn which was written by Rabbi Abraham Ibn Ezra (Spain, 1089-1167). This is a beautiful and powerful poem of Mussar, which speaks of the various stages of life, and warns us to introspect and not to be distracted by the vanities of this world – an especially appropriate message for Yom Kippur. Some have the practice of singing this poem after Musaf on Yom Kippur, but our synagogue follows the custom of Hacham Mordechai Sherabi to sing it after Arbit on the night of Yom Kippur.

Summary: The phrase "Mi Kamocha Ab Ha’rahaman" is substituted with "Mi Kamocha Ab Ha’rahamim" during Musaf on Yom Kippur. Although it is customary to bow on the floor at certain points during the "Aboda" section of the Musaf prayer, women should not bow. It is customary to sing the "Ben Adam" hymn on Yom Kippur; some synagogues sing this hymn after Arbit on the night of Yom Kippur, and others sing it after Musaf.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Yom Kippur – Arbit on Mosa’eh Yom Kippur
Halachot of Habdala When Yom Kippur Falls on Shabbat
Is “Va’ani Tefilati” Recited at Minha When Yom Kippur Falls on Shabbat?
The Unique Opportunity of the Ten Days of Repentance, and the Special Obligation of Repentance on Yom Kippur
Should Children Fast on Yom Kippur?
Halachot for One Who Needs to Eat on Yom Kippur
Asking One’s Parents for Forgiveness Before Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur – Asking Forgiveness From One’s Fellow by Phone, Fax, E-mail or Texting
Halachot and Customs for Mosa’eh Yom Kippur
The Misva to Eat on Ereb Yom Kippur
Does a Woman Recite “Shehehiyanu” When Lighting Yom Tob Candles?
Yom Kippur: The Prohibition Against Marital Relations, and Avoiding Bodily Emissions
Asking One’s Fellow for Forgiveness Before Yom Kippur
Repentance: The Proper Conduct for a Ba’al Teshuba, and the Special Obligation of Repentance on Yom Kippur
The Highest Level of Teshuba
Page of 239
3584 Halachot found