DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

(File size: 5.01 MB)
Using on Shabbat a Brush or Broom With Fragile Wooden Bristles

The Rama (Rav Moshe Isserles of Cracow, 1530-1572), in discussing the laws of Shabbat (end of Orah Haim 337; listen to audio recording for precise citation), forbids the use of a brush with bristles made from small pieces of wood. These brushes were used to clean garments or tables, or as brooms to sweep floors. The Rama explains that when one uses this brush, it is inevitable that several bristles will break, and it should therefore not be used on Shabbat.

The Mishna Berura (Rav Yisrael Meir Kagan of Radin, 1839-1933) comments that although breaking these bristles falls under the category of "Mekalkel" – a destructive, rather than constructive, act – and should therefore be allowed, nevertheless, one should avoid breaking them on Shabbat. However, in his Be’ur Halacha, the Mishna Berura brings the lenient ruling of the Birkeh Yosef (by the Hida, Rav Haim Yosef David Azulai, 1724-1806), citing Mahari Castro (Egypt, 1525-1610). The Hida noted that using this brush should be entirely permissible, since breaking the bristles serves no constructive purpose, and the bristles are not being removed from their life source (as in the case of removing vegetation from the ground or fruit from a tree). And even if this in principle is forbidden Mi’de’rabbanan (by force of Rabbinic enactment), nevertheless, according to the majority of the Halachic authorities, it is permissible to perform an action that will have an unwanted and unintended result that is forbidden Mi’de’rabbanan. Even if this result is inevitable ("Pesik Resheh"), nevertheless, as long as one does not intend for this result, and has no interest in this result ("Lo Niha Leh"), the act is permitted. Therefore, the use of this brush should be allowed. This is, indeed, the ruling of Hacham Ovadia Yosef in his Yabia Omer (vol. 4, Orah Haim 30:18), as well as in Yehaveh Da’at (2:46) and Hazon Ovadia – Shabbat (vol. 4, p. 48).

Summary: One may use on Shabbat a brush or broom made with small wooden bristles, even though some bristles will inevitably break as a result.


Recent Daily Halachot...
Covering the Bread on the Table on Shabbat and Yom Tob
Must One Eat Bread at Seudah Shlishit?
Must the Halla be on the Table During Kiddush?
Adding Aliyot on Shabbat
The Requirement to Eat Bread at Se’uda Shelishit
Until When Can One Recite “Asher Natan Shabbatot Li’mnuha” in Lieu of “Reseh” in Birkat Ha’mazon?
Shabbat – Practicing Penmanship in the Air; Observing a Mechanic
Having Children Perform Melacha on Shabbat; Halachot of Children During the Nine Days and Hol Ha’mo’ed
Leniencies That Apply During Ben Ha’shemashot at the Beginning and End of Shabbat
Separating Pages in a Book That are Attached
Annulling Vows on Shabbat
Shabbat – Tightening or Attaching Hoods; Using Glue; Balloons and Inflatable Mattresses; Collecting Scattered Fruit
The Prohibition of Kotzer on Shabbat
Writing on Shabbat – Fingerprints, Photographs, Writing on Windows or in the Air, Pens With Temporary Ink
Shabbat – Cutting a Cake with Letters; Putting Letters Together in Scrabble
Page of 234
3500 Halachot found