DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

(File size: 1.3 MB)
When Must One Stand in His Parent’s Presence?

A well-established Halacha requires one to stand in the presence of his father or mother (Shulhan Aruch – Yore De’a 240:7). One must stand throughout the time that the parent is within viewing distance, until the parent either sits or stands in his/her place, or until the parent is no longer in view or has entered a different domain. If the parent pauses temporarily as he/she makes his/her way toward his/her place, the child must continue standing.

This obligation applies regardless of where the child is when the parent walks in, whether the parent enters the room in the synagogue, the home, a social function, and so on.

The authorities debate the question of how we define "viewing distance" with respect to this Halacha. Some authorities maintained that one must stand when a parent comes within 128 meters, whereas the Hazon Ish (Rabbi Avraham Yeshaya Karelitz, Lithuania-Israel, 1879-1954) held that one must stand within 160 meters (or 525 feet). Rav Yishak Yosef writes that one should follow the stringent view of the Hazon Ish.

It should be obvious that a child must stand if his parent speaks to him while standing. It is very disrespectful for a child to remain seated while his parent, who is standing, speaks to him.

This obligation also applies if a child sits on a bus, train or airplane and the father or mother enters; he must stand at that point until the parent reaches his or her seat. Of course, if there are no available seats for the parent, the child must offer the parent his seat.

When one stands for his parent in fulfillment of this Halacha, he may not lean on a wall or other structure, since leaning does not qualify as standing with respect to this obligation. One may, however, lean slightly, such that he would not fall if the wall would be removed.

It is customary to stand in the synagogue when one’s father goes to the Torah for an Aliya. Strictly speaking, one is required to stand only until his father reaches the Torah. The prevalent practice, however, is to remain standing until the father returns to his place; Hacham Yishak Yosef writes that one should follow this custom. It is also customary to kiss one’s father’s hand after his Aliya to the Torah. Although kissing is generally forbidden in the synagogue, kissing one’s father hand is permissible, as it serves as an expression of respect and honor, rather than as a sign of affection.

Summary: One must stand when one’s father or mother enters the room, and remain standing until the parent is out of view, goes into a different domain, or stands or sits in his/her place. One may not lean on a wall or piece of furniture while standing in one’s parent’s honor. It is proper to stand in the synagogue when one’s father is called for an Aliya to the Torah, until he returns to his place.


Recent Daily Halachot...
Covering the Chicken’s Blood After Kapparot
Yom Kippur – Arbit on Mosa’eh Yom Kippur
Halachot of Habdala When Yom Kippur Falls on Shabbat
Is “Va’ani Tefilati” Recited at Minha When Yom Kippur Falls on Shabbat?
The Unique Opportunity of the Ten Days of Repentance, and the Special Obligation of Repentance on Yom Kippur
Halachot for One Who Needs to Eat on Yom Kippur
Asking One’s Parents for Forgiveness Before Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur – Asking Forgiveness From One’s Fellow by Phone, Fax, E-mail or Texting
Halachot and Customs for Mosa’eh Yom Kippur
The Misva to Eat on Ereb Yom Kippur
Does a Woman Recite “Shehehiyanu” When Lighting Yom Tob Candles?
Yom Kippur: The Prohibition Against Marital Relations, and Avoiding Bodily Emissions
Asking One’s Fellow for Forgiveness Before Yom Kippur
Repentance: The Proper Conduct for a Ba’al Teshuba, and the Special Obligation of Repentance on Yom Kippur
The Highest Level of Teshuba
Page of 239
3584 Halachot found