DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Halacha is In Memory Of
 Dad Zion ben Elisafan

Dedicated By

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
(File size: 8.79 MB)
Exercising on Shabbat

The Shulhan Aruch (Orah Haim 328) writes that it is forbidden on Shabbat to run or engage in strenuous physical activity for the purpose of perspiring. People would induce sweat for healing purposes, and thus the Sages forbade intentionally inducing sweat on Shabbat just as they forbade taking medications out of concern that one might grind herbs to produce medicine.

The clear implication of the Shulhan Aruch’s ruling is that other forms of exercise, where the intention is not to induce sweat – such as light weightlifting – are permissible on Shabbat. A number of later Halachic authorities forbade all exercise on Shabbat because they felt that exercise falls under the category of "Ubdin De’hol" – weekday activity – but the Shulhan Aruch clearly felt otherwise. Accordingly, Hacham Ovadia Yosef ruled (in Yalkut Yosef) that strictly speaking, it is permissible to exercise on Shabbat if the intention is not to raise the heartrate and induce perspiration. Nevertheless, he adds that it is preferable to be stringent and to refrain from any form of exercise on Shabbat. Thus, Hacham Ovadia rules, one who normally jogs in order to increase his heartbeat and pulse, and build up a sweat, should not jug on Shabbat, but should instead take a short brisk walk if he wishes. Nonetheless, as long as the intention of running is not to sweat and perspire, it would be permissible from the law.

However, if a patient received instructions from his physician that he must exercise every day, including Shabbat, and the exercise he needs to do requires inducing perspiration, then he may do whatever the doctor instructed. Such a person is considered an ill patient, and the prohibition against health remedies on Shabbat apply only to generally healthy people who are not feeling well, but not to people with an illness. Therefore, a patient whose doctor instructed him or her to exercise on Shabbat may do whatever form of exercise is necessary.

It is entirely permissible to take a walk on Shabbat, even for health purposes, since this is something perfectly normal that healthy people do, as well.

Additionally, massages are permissible on Shabbat, as long as no cream is used, and as long as one does not receive a deep massage that induces sweat. However, Hacham Ovadia writes that if somebody experiences significant backpain or neck pain, he is allowed to receive a deep massage on Shabbat to alleviate the pain.

Summary: Exercise that is intended to raise the heartrate and induce perspiration is forbidden on Shabbat, unless for health reasons one has been instructed by a physician that he must do such exercise every day. Other forms exercise, which do not induce perspiration, are permissible, though it is preferable to refrain from all exercise on Shabbat. As long as the intention of running is not to sweat and perspire it would be permissible from the law. Walking is permissible, even if it is done for health purposes. Massages are allowed on Shabbat (without cream), though deep massages, which induce perspiration, are allowed only if one requires such a massage to alleviate considerable pain.


Recent Daily Halachot...
Sweeping and Mopping Floors on Shabbat
Using on Shabbat a Brush or Broom With Fragile Wooden Bristles
Detaching, Smelling and Watering Plants on Shabbat
Leaning on a Tree, or Sitting on a Tree Stump, on Shabbat
Is it Permissible to Relieve Oneself on Grass on Shabbat?
How Soon After Kiddush Must One Begin the Meal?
Berit Mila on Shabbat – Bringing the Baby to the Synagogue
Opening a Front Door with a Key on Shabbat
Using Baby Wipes or Moistened Toilet Paper on Shabbat
Taking Fertility or Birth Control Pills on Shabbat
May a Doctor Receive Payment for Medical Services Provided on Shabbat?
Violating Shabbat for a Woman and Newborn After Childbirth, and for Fetal Distress During Pregnancy
Violating Shabbat to Care for a Woman After Childbirth
Violating Shabbat For the Sake of a Woman in Labor
Resuscitating an Unconscious Patient on Shabbat
Page of 224
3350 Halachot found