DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

      
(File size: 1.39 MB)
Is It Permissible to Place Raw Food in a Keli Sheni on Shabbat?

The Halacha discusses whether one may place a raw food on Shabbat in a "Keli Sheni"-the second vessel containing hot liquid after it was poured from the first vessel which was on the fire. Seemingly, the Halachic principle that a "Keli Sheni does not cook" would dictate that there is no problem. Nevertheless, the Tosafot (Shabbat 39) suggest one approach, based on several proofs, that even though the Keli Sheni cannot actually cook a raw food, there is still a problem of "Mehezeh K’mevashel"-it appears that one is cooking. After all, the water in the Keli Sheni is still piping hot. However, in their second approach, the Tosafot maintain that there is no problem whatsoever of placing a raw food in a Keli Sheni-not even "Mehezeh K’mevashel." Accordingly, they re-learn the various sources which were previously understood to be proofs to the contrary.

The Bet Yosef (318) brings both answers of Tosafot and does not explicitly rule in accordance with either one. Thus, there is uncertainty as to what Maran’s opinion is. The Mishna Berura (Rav Yisrael Meir Kagan of Radin, 1839-1933) understands Maran to be strict and prohibit placing raw food in a Keli Sheni, because of "Mehezeh K’mevashel." This is also the understanding of the Mateh Yehuda Ayash and Hacham Bension.

On the other hand, Hacham Ovadia, in Yabia Omer and Hazon Ovadia (Shabbat vol. 4), is lenient and allows heating raw food in a Keli Sheni, without concern that it appears to be Bishul-cooking. Hacham David in the new Halacha Berura explains that his father is relying on a "Safek Sefekah"-a double doubt. First, perhaps the Halacha is in accordance with the opinion that one may even pour hot water on raw food directly from a Keli Rishon and certainly from a Keli Sheni. Second, even if the Halacha is not in accordance with that opinion, perhaps the Halacha does agree with the second lenient opinion in Tosafot that is not concerned with "Mehezeh K’mevashel" with a Keli Sheni. The Menuhat Ahaba (2:10) concurs with this opinion, and argues that the second approach of Tosafot, which in this case is lenient, is always more authoritative, since there must have been a fault with the first approach. This is the accepted Halacha for Sepharadim

Based on this, it is permitted to put a raw lemon or Nana mint leaves in a cup of hot water poured from the urn. Similarly, one may pour milk into a Keli Sheni.

Ashkenazim are stricter in this matter and have limitations in these applications.

SUMMARY
It is permitted to place raw food in a Keli Sheni on Shabbat.

 


Recent Daily Halachot...
Yom Kippur – Guidelines for Ill Patients Who Need to Eat
Yom Kippur – Customs Relevant to the Musaf Prayer
May the Kohanim Wash Their Hands for Birkat Kohanim on Yom Kippur?
Yom Kippur-Kohanim &Levi’im Washing Their Hands
Yom Kippur: The Prohibitions of Melacha, Eating and Drinking
Yom Kippur-Halachot of Eating and Smelling
Reciting the Beracha Over a Candle on Mosa'e Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur – May Somebody Receive an Aliya or Serve as Hazzan if He Needs to Eat or Drink
Yom Kippur – Wearing Gold Jewelry
When Does Yom Kippur Begin?
If One Must Eat on Yom Kippur
The Yom Kippur Fast – Guidelines For a Woman Who Has Just Given Birth
Ereb Yom Kippur – Immersing in a Mikveh; Wearing Gold Jewelry; Preparing the Home
Must Pregnant Women Fast on Yom Kippur?
Kapparot For a Pregnant Woman
Page of 237
3554 Halachot found