DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Halacha is In Memory Of
 Zion ben Elisafan

Dedicated By
Allon Yomtov

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
(File size: 800 KB)
(File size:819 KB)
Stirring & Serving Cooked Food Directly From a Blech on Shabbat

The Shulhan Aruch, amidst his discussion of the laws of Shabbat, codifies the prohibition of “Hagasa,” stirring food that has not been fully cooked. If a pot over the fire contains food that has not been completely cooked, one may not stir the food, as this accelerates the cooking process. Stirring food in such a situation transgresses a Torah violation. Moreover, even if the pot has been removed from the fire, one may not stir the food (assuming it has not been fully cooked) so long as it is hot, at or above the temperature of “Yad Soledet Bo” (the point where one’s hand would immediately recoil on contact).

If the food has been fully cooked, Halacha nevertheless forbids stirring it over a fire (based on the ruling of the Ritba); once the pot has been taken off the fire, one may stir the food, since it has been fully cooked.

However, the Halachic authorities debate the question of whether one may serve fully cooked food from a pot on a fire or on a blech (metal sheet covering the flame). Generally, we have fully cooked food on the blech when Shabbat begins, and this food is served at the Friday night meal. May one take food directly from the pot on the blech and transfer it to a serving dish, or must he first remove the pot from the blech and only then serve?

Some authorities, including the Ben Ish Hai (Rabbi Yosef Haim of Baghdad, 1833-1909), in his work Rav Pe’alim, and Hacham Ben Sion Abba Shaul (Israel, 1923-1998), in his Or Le’sion, rule stringently in this regard. In their view, dishing out food is no different from stirring with respect to this Halacha, and thus even fully cooked must be removed from the fire before food is taken from it. (These authorities allow serving fully cooked food under certain circumstances, but as a rule they are stringent on this issue.) Hacham Ovadia Yosef, however, in several places (Kol Sinai, and Yabia Omer, vol. 10), rules leniently, and distinguishes serving from stirring. Even though one may not stir fully cooked food over the fire, it is permissible to dish out fully cooked food over a fire. This also appears to have been the position of the Hazon Ish (Rabbi Avraham Yeshaya Karelitz, Lithuania-Israel, 1879-1954). Thus, even though one may not stir fully cooked food over a fire on Shabbat, it is permissible to dish out fully cooked food directly from the blech to put it into a plate or serving dish.

Summary: One may not stir on Shabbat food that is not fully cooked, neither on the fire (even with a blech) nor after it has been removed from the fire, so long as it is hot. If the food is fully cooked, one may stir it once it has been removed from fire or blech. While it is still on the blech, one may not stir it, but he may dish food out from the pot.


Recent Daily Halachot...
Putting a Liquid or Solid Food into a Keli Sheni on Shabbat
Is It Permissible to Put Baked Bread on a Blech to Make Toast?
Is It Permissible to Place Raw Food in a Keli Sheni on Shabbat?
Pouring Water on to Hot Food on Shabbat
Heating a Partially Cooked Food on Shabbat
Pouring Water Heated by the Sun on Foods on Shabbat
If One Turned On Hot Water on Shabbat
Stirring & Serving Cooked Food Directly From a Blech on Shabbat
Warming Food on a Blech or Hotplate on Shabbat
Baking Hallah on Erev Shabbat
If One Mistakenly Cooked Food During Ben Ha’shemashot on Friday Afternoon
Is It Permissible On Erev Shabbat To Fill Up An Urn With Water That Will Become Cooked On Shabbat
Reheating Dry Food on Shabbat on a Blech or Hotplate
Is A Thermos or Tiger Pot Considered A Keli Rishon
Is A Ladle Considered a Keli Rishon or Keli Sheni
Page of 204
3060 Halachot found