DailyHalacha.com for Mobile Devices Now Available

Select Halacha by date:

Or by subject:

Or by keyword:
Search titles and keywords only
Search All    

Weekly Perasha Insights
Shabbat Morning Derasha on the Parasha
Register To Receive The Daily Halacha By Email / Unsubscribe
Daily Parasha Insights via Live Teleconference
Syrian Sephardic Wedding Guide
Download Special Tefilot
A Glossary Of Terms Frequently Referred To In The Daily Halachot
About The Sources Frequently Quoted In The Halachot
About Rabbi Eli Mansour
Purchase Passover Haggadah with In Depth Insights by Rabbi Eli Mansour and Rabbi David Sutton
About DailyHalacha.Com
Contact us
Useful Links
Refund/Privacy Policy
Back to Home Page

Click Here to Sponsor Daily Halacha
"Delivered to Over 6000 Registered Recipients Each Day"

(File size: 942 KB)
Should One Stand or Sit for the Friday Night Kiddush & Drinking of the Wine?

When a person recites Kiddush on Friday night, should he be standing or seated? And should he stand or sit when he drinks the wine after reciting Kiddush?

The Shulhan Aruch (Orah Haim 271:10; listen to audio recording for precise citation) writes that one should stand before beginning "Vayechulu," and implies that one should remain standing for recitation of "Boreh Peri Hagefen" and the Beracha of Kiddush. The Rama (Rabbi Moshe Isserles of Cracow, 1525-1572), in his glosses to the Shulhan Aruch, writes that one may sit for the recitation of the Berachot after "Vayechulu," and that it is even preferable to do so. He then adds that the custom among Ashkenazic communities is to sit even for "Vayechulu." Sefaradim, however, follow the ruling of the Shulhan Aruch, that one should stand for the entirety of Kiddush. This is also the position of the Kabbalah, as mentioned in Sha’ar Ha’kavanot and codified by the Kaf Ha’haim (Rav Yaakob Haim Sofer, Baghdad-Israel, 1870-1939), who writes (271:22) that one should stand while reciting Kiddush in honor of G-d and in honor of Shabbat.

The reason behind the position requiring sitting for Kiddush is that when people sit together, they are more united and the setting is more formal. When people stand, they are not necessarily all in place at the table, as some may be roaming around the room, and the setting is thus more casual. In light of this concern, the Mishna Berura (Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan of Radin, 1839-1933), commenting on this Halacha in the Shulhan Aruch (listen to audio recording for precise citation), writes that those who stand for Kiddush must ensure to all stand in place by the table, in order to lend the Kiddush the formality it requires.

According to all opinions, one should sit while drinking the Kiddush wine. Thus, even though Sephardic practice is to stand for Kiddush, one should sit down before drinking the wine. This is the proper practice according to both Halacha and Kabbalah, as mentioned in the writings of the Arizal (Rabbi Yishal Luria of Safed, 1534-1572), and by the Ben Ish Hai (Rabbi Yosef Haim of Baghdad, 1833-1909), in Parashat Bereshit (Shana 2, 29). The Ben Ish Hai writes that it is not respectful to stand while drinking, and emphasizes that it is proper to be vigilant in this regard and ensure to sit for drinking the Kiddush wine.

Summary: According to Sephardic practice, one should stand for the entire recitation of Kiddush on Friday night, and everyone must ensure to stand in place at the table. The wine should be drunk, however, in a seated position.


Recent Daily Halachot...
Must One Eat Bread at Seudah Shlishit?
Must the Halla be on the Table During Kiddush?
Adding Aliyot on Shabbat
The Requirement to Eat Bread at Se’uda Shelishit
Until When Can One Recite “Asher Natan Shabbatot Li’mnuha” in Lieu of “Reseh” in Birkat Ha’mazon?
Shabbat – Practicing Penmanship in the Air; Observing a Mechanic
Having Children Perform Melacha on Shabbat; Halachot of Children During the Nine Days and Hol Ha’mo’ed
Leniencies That Apply During Ben Ha’shemashot at the Beginning and End of Shabbat
Separating Pages in a Book That are Attached
Annulling Vows on Shabbat
Shabbat – Tightening or Attaching Hoods; Using Glue; Balloons and Inflatable Mattresses; Collecting Scattered Fruit
The Prohibition of Kotzer on Shabbat
Writing on Shabbat – Fingerprints, Photographs, Writing on Windows or in the Air, Pens With Temporary Ink
Shabbat – Cutting a Cake with Letters; Putting Letters Together in Scrabble
Dancing on Shabbat; Court Cases, Weddings and Pidyon Ha’ben on Shabbat
Page of 226
3377 Halachot found